Seven terminals, 570 switches – Erdogan sets new standards with Mega-Airport
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With only a few months delay, the new Istanbul airport is open. Up to 200 million passengers per year can be treated there in the future. The construction was completed almost three times as fast as the BER BER.
DThis flight had a symbolic character: when a Turkish Airlines Airbus was lifted from the new Istanbul airport at 2 p.m. on Saturday, it would have to show the world that a logistics masterpiece had been developed. In the largest relocation project in aviation history, all airlines moved from the old Ataturk airport to the all-new mega airport.
Within 45 hours, all airlines had to pack their bags and planes and move thousands of tons of material 35 kilometers. Roads were closed for 700 buses in shuttle traffic, planes were in the nine-minute mini flight. Major problems were unknown. On Sunday night, the first Lufthansa flight landed at the new airport and "we are now flying our entire program," says a Lufthansa spokesperson.
Now the new Istanbul airport is a super modern aviation hub on the Bosphorus in the fight for passengers and flights. The Turkish government's prestige project under President Recep Tayyip Erdogan was originally designed for 90 million passengers, with two runways. There are already seven terminals, 570 check-in counters and 228 passport checkpoints. In about a decade, 200 million passengers are counted each year, with six runways.
Geographically on an ideal interface
Istanbul even wants to replace the American metropolis of Atlanta as & # 39; the world's largest airport. Istanbul is geographically located on the ideal interface between Europe, Asia, Africa and the Middle East. It is not only the Dubai hub that must become competitive. Frankfurt will also put pressure on the brand new superlative of the airport. In 2018, Atatürk Airport, now largely shut down, was just behind Frankfurt with nearly 70 million passengers, with 68 million passengers.
How ambitious the project from Turkey is is clear in the record pace of the project. In just four and a half years, the estimated costs of an airport of more than ten billion euros were set up. There were reports of countless fatal industrial accidents and protests about working conditions. The incredible speed of the airport is clear compared to the BER BER, Berlin's most important airport. The new airport of the federal capital takes at least 14 years, from groundbreaking to commissioning, which is officially planned for 2020.
However, both airports have in common that the costs went completely out of control. According to the IST, the Turkish Minister of Transport estimated 2013 at seven billion euros. The estimates for the last development phase now amount to 32 billion euros.
Although the new Istanbul airport was opened on October 29, the Turkish national holiday. In the beginning, however, there was only a limited operation. The major step of most airlines was delayed several times. Some airlines were informed of the exact date just over two weeks ago. The logistics plans were in the drawer for a long time. For example, Turkish Airlines and a subsidiary of the Munich Airport Company have prepared the mega-move together for two years.
Many flights have been canceled
The Turks wanted to take advantage of the know-how at Munich airport. In 1992 he moved within 16 hours and without cancellation of flights within one night from the old site from Riem to Erdinger Moos. The dimensions were smaller. And so it was not the procession of Istanbul without cancellations of flights. For example, Lufthansa, which flies to Istanbul several times a day, had to cancel its flight for 1,600 passengers and offered alternatives due to the move. Two days, Friday and Saturday, many international flights were canceled with the airlines.
The old airport Atatürk was the most important airport in the country for 86 years and the home base of Turkish Airlines. With TK54 to Singapore lifted on the early Saturday morning at 2.45 am their last flight at the old airport in the west of Istanbul. In the eastern part of Istanbul there is still the small Sabiha Gökçen, which is used by the airline Sunexpress, a joint venture of Lufthansa and Turkish Airlines, among others.
For the new Istanbul airport, which accepts the abbreviation IST of the flight plan from Atatürk airport, the practical test is now starting. So it should be a metro connection until the following spring. Initially, only shuttle buses and taxis work. Or passengers must take the car. The modern airport has enormous dimensions, so that passengers at the airport sometimes have to travel very long distances to the gate.
In Berlin, airport director Engelbert Lütke Daldrup has since given a brief report on the situation at the BER. "Meanwhile, the number of critical transactions has been reduced to two," he said in an interview with the "Tagesspiegel". "Bosch is working on the fire alarm system at home and we are also making progress with the cables. The assessment processes are very annoying, but have generally developed as we expected at the end of 2017."