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India 2019 election: has the BJP government delivered on its promise in India?

Women's BJP supporters during demonstrations in HyderabadImage copyright
AFP

The election campaign in India is in full swing, with votes on April 11.

It is the largest democratic process in the world by a significant margin, with around 900 million eligible to participate.

Five years after his victory in 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi wants a new mandate to continue with what he says is his mission to transform India.

But the main opposition party says it has failed in key areas.

So how has this government adapted to its promises?

BBC Reality Check has examined the problems and used available data to evaluate the claims of the most important parties.

Keep India safe

Security became a major issue at the end of February following an attack in India-controlled Kashmir, killing 40 soldiers.

The government presented itself as the true security guard for the country, after launching retaliatory actions in Pakistan.

But the opposition Congress struck back and said the security situation in Kashmir was now worse under this government than under their own rule before 2014.

Number of terrorist incidents in India-driven Kashmir

The data show that until the end of last year the level of militant activity among the two governments broadly corresponds.

But it is also true that infiltration attempts in India-driven Kashmir have increased since 2016.

You can read more about this in an in-depth Reality Check report:

  • Has Modi kept India safe?

India, the production superpower?

The government of Modi has looked at the processing industry to stimulate economic growth and create jobs.

Under the "Make in India" plan, it promised to increase the industry's share to 25% of GDP – the total measure of goods and services – by 2025.

However, the data show that the contribution of the processing industry has remained slightly above 15% in recent years and that experts have doubts about the target.

However, the economy generally continues to grow.

Read our article here:

  • Will India become the next production superpower?

Image copyright
Reuters

Caption image

Priyanka Gandhi has drawn attention to the economy and the safety of women

Narendra Modi came to power with a promise to create jobs for millions of Indians.

So we looked at the unemployment rates – and found that a delay in the publication of the latest official data has sparked a heated debate about the true situation on the job market.

You can view our video here:

Media playback is not supported on your device

Media captionAs the elections approach, a controversy rages over the unemployment rates in India

Are women now safer in India?

The manifesto of the Congress of the Opposition says that women's safety is a major concern for these elections.

The BJP government says it has introduced strict laws to combat violence against women.

The data show an increase in the report of rape to the authorities, especially after the notorious Delhi group rape of 2012.

But the number of convictions for cases going to court has not really improved in the last few years.

We investigate the measures introduced to prevent and punish violence against women in this video:

Media playback is not supported on your device

Media captionBBC Reality Check: has India become a safer place for women?

What about the villages of India?

A large part of the Indian population depends on agriculture for a living.

So the state of the rural economy is another important point in the election.

The opposition has mapped the situation of farmers who were confronted with pressure on their livelihood.

Three years ago, Prime Minister Modi promised to double farmers' incomes by 2022.

But there are few signs that the government is on track to achieve its goal.

Read our report on farmers' income to find out why:

  • Do Indian farmers receive what they promised?

Image copyright
Getty Images

One policy that has been tried to help farmers who are struggling is to write off their debts – in the form of loan waivers.

National household surveys, which are conducted approximately every five years, show that Indian government debt has been rising for many years, although data from the most recent survey 2017/18 has not yet been released.

Increasing debts in rural India

% of households in debt

Mr Modi has attacked Congress for previous loan waiver schemes because it says it is not a real solution to hardship in the agricultural sector.

The evidence that Reality Check has found shows that he is probably right – debiting is not always implemented effectively and can cause more problems.

Discover here how we came to this verdict:

  • Should farmers' debts be written off?

Are there plans to clean India?

Mr Modi has made various promises in the context of his Clean India program.

We have reviewed a schedule to encourage the use of cleaner household fuel for cooking.

In 2016, the government launched a program to supply liquid petroleum gas (LPG) cylinders to tens of millions of rural households to discourage the use of dirtier fuels such as kerosene, wood and cow dung.

Image copyright
Getty Images

Many households switched to cleaner fuel, so this was a success.

But there are also indications that the cost of refilling cylinders discourages the use of LPG.

We have looked at the problem here:

  • Is the gas switch in the kitchen working?

India & # 39; s to build toilets

Open faeces and a lack of sanitation have long been problems in India.

The Prime Minister said that as part of his Clean India program, 90% of Indians now have access to a toilet – 40% before he took office in 2014.

Government data shows how the project has progressed.

The BJP government has indeed built many more domestic toilets during its tenure.

But it is also true that not all toilets work properly, and there are indications that – for various reasons – they do not always get used.

Read our story to find out why:

  • Do more Indians have access to toilets than before?

Clean up the Ganges

One of the largest projects in Clean India focused on the Ganges River, which is sacred to millions of Hindus.

Mr. Modi has thrown $ 3 billion (£ 2.3 billion) on the plan to clean up the river by 2020. The Ganges has been destroyed for years by pollution and excessive use.

But Reality Check discovered that although much more money was available, only a small part has been spent so far.

So despite some improvements, it is unlikely that the river will be completely clean next year.

Watch our Reality Check video that explains why cleaning up one of & # 39; the world's great rivers is such a & # 39; n huge challenge:

Media playback is not supported on your device

Media captionHas Prime Minister Narendra Modi made his promise to clean up the Ganges?

Do you want to read more about the biggest problems in the 2019 elections in India?

Here are all the Reality Check stories so far:

Farmers and rural India: kitchen cleaning, toilets, agricultural loan waiver, Ganges river, farmers' income

The economy: inflation, demonstration, production, space exploration

Society and safety: are women safer? India's internal security

Transport and infrastructure: Bullet train, Roads, Broadband, Homes, Smart Cities, Electricity, Airports

Read more from Reality Check

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