Will family education be an alternative to school?

The number of people wishing to switch to home education is growing all over the world

An excellent mother who can
replace the school for children when they are not allowed there.
Photo by Alexander Donikov / PhotoXPress.ru

Two news of the last week – about the eight-year-old 11th grade graduate Alisa Teplyakova, who are ready to be admitted to Moscow State University, and about the increase in the number of children at home – make us think again about education in the family.

So, the UK Ministry of Education announced the other day that it supports family education and plans to launch a platform for the official registration of those who switch to this form of education. According to the BBC, in the first seven months of the current school year, the number of families who switched to homework increased by 75%. The main reasons for “leaving” school: concern for the health of children and fears that school performance will suffer due to restrictive anti-corruption measures.

The number of homeschoolers is also growing in Russia. Over the past two years, it has grown from 12 thousand schoolchildren in 2020 to 16.5 thousand in 2021. Whether the number of these schoolchildren will continue to grow depends on how the parents will perceive the decision on compulsory vaccination of schoolchildren. WHO has recognized that children can be vaccinated. In the Russian Federation, vaccination has already become a pass to the institute. School is not far off. Recently, the head of the Gamaleya Research Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology, Alexander Gintsburg, said that the vaccination of adolescents with “Sputnik V” should begin no later than September 20. But some Russians definitely do not express a special desire to get their children vaccinated against coronavirus. For example, 69% of the respondents who took part in the Superjob survey reacted negatively to the vaccination of schoolchildren. 37% of respondents said that they are definitely not ready to vaccinate children against coronavirus, another 32% that they are probably not ready to do it. Parents explain their reluctance by insufficient knowledge of the vaccine. Only 8% of respondents are unequivocally ready to vaccinate their child, another 23% are inclined to this decision.

If the school is closed for unvaccinated children, then homeschooling is inevitable. We figure out what is here … Without a “covid” reason in Russia, family education was most often chosen because of dissatisfaction with school education, in the presence of psychological problems in the child and the presence of health problems.

And the first group – those who are dissatisfied with the school process – as a rule, by the time of the transition to homework, have their own methods of upbringing and teaching. By the way, these two components are very closely related in home teaching. This was also noticed on the example of the Nikitin family. There was such a close-knit family in the days of the USSR, who decided to challenge the traditional school. The children of the Nikitins were physically hardened, were ill much less often than others, and grew up independent and inquisitive. Already at the age of three they could read, and at the age of four they solved simple equations. At the same time, the parents did not frighten the children with “grades” and went through the child’s interest. This was the goal in education. Although the daughter of the Nikitins, Yulia, later noted in her interviews that she had to develop the habit of learning “through I don’t want” at an older age.

Now let’s pay attention to what the father of the current eight-year-old, who was admitted to Moscow State University, says. He also draws attention to the fact that the girl studied according to her own family method. The father notes the child’s good memory. And the fact that all the teacher’s attention was focused on her alone. The girl is curious, reads a lot and willingly. The last point is very important, together with the discipline, which develops this very habit “I don’t want to learn through”. Only about 30% of children read every day, Tatiana Zhukova, head of the Russian School Library Association (RSHBA), told NG. They take up books two or three times a week – 14%, less often once a week – 12%. Moreover, 46% read only books assigned according to the school curriculum.

Of course, a massive transition to homework on a voluntary basis cannot happen a priori. The family is not ready. Everything is possible in China. There is a fairly tough home education. We do not have. But not all parents are disposed to be vaccinated either. So hello home education anyway? And don’t forget that education too.

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