KOMPAS.com – A recent study from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that it is possible to transmit Covid-19 when eating at restaurants.
Reported ABC News, the study examined exposure to close contact that contributes to the spread of the virus.
As a result, it found that adults who tested positive for Covid-19 were twice as likely to report eating at a restaurant in the 14 days before being infected, compared to those who tested negative.
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Dr Kiva Fisher, lead author of the study, which looked at symptomatic outpatients from 11 US health care facilities, said that activities that make it difficult to wear masks and maintain social distancing, such as eating in restaurants, may be a risk factor for Covid-19.
Fisher suggested that customers and restaurant staff implement protective measures to reduce potential exposure to COVID-19 during eating and drinking in restaurants.
These steps include:
- Encourage sick staff to stay home
- Require staff to wash their hands frequently
- Require the use of masks, and
- Offers service options delivery
“It is also important for customers to take precautions when eating outside the home, such as wearing a mask when not eating or drinking, being at least two meters away from other people and washing their hands frequently,” said Fisher.
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Make close contact
Reported CNN International, a study published on Thursday (09/10/2020) included data on 314 adults with symptoms of Covid-19 in July.
Of the 314 people, 154 tested positive and 160 tested negative.
The tests were conducted at 11 different health care facilities in 10 US states: California, Colorado, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, North Carolina, Ohio, Tennessee, Utah and Washington.
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Researchers from the CDC and other institutions looked at how patients responded to questions about wearing masks, and various activities in the community, including whether they recently ate at restaurants, hung out at bars or went to the gym.
As a result, 42 percent of adults who tested positive reported having close contact with at least one person known to have Covid-19.
Meanwhile, most of the close contacts, namely 51 percent, were family members.
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Indication of eating in a restaurant
The researchers also found that 71 percent of people who tested positive for Covid-19 and 74 percent of those who tested negative always used a mask when in public.
There was no significant difference between those who tested positive and negative while doing shopping, hanging out with less than 10 people at home, going to the office, going to the gym, going to the salon, using public transportation or attending religious gatherings.
However, people who tested positive were more likely to report eat in a restaurant in the two weeks before they start feeling sick.
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Of note, this study has several limitations, including that more research is needed to determine whether similar findings will emerge among a larger group of patients, and questions about restaurant differences. indoor or outdoor.
“Reports of exposure in restaurants have been linked to air circulation. Direction, ventilation, and intensity of airflow can influence virus transmission, even if social distancing restrictions and use of masks are implemented according to current guidelines,” the researchers wrote.
“Masks cannot be worn effectively while eating and drinking, whereas shopping and many other indoor activities do not preclude mask use,” the researchers wrote.
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