What is remarkable about the date January 15 — RealnoeVremya.com

What is remarkable about the date January 15

Today, January 15, Russia celebrates the Day of the formation of the Investigative Committee. Over the years and centuries, on this day, the Ural industrialist Demidov established an award for scientific achievements, the rules of basketball were published for the first time, the construction of the Pentagon was completed in the USA, Wikipedia was launched, an Airbus A-320 crashed on the Hudson, the second government of Dmitry Medvedev resigned . Born French playwright Jean Moliere, Russian diplomat, poet Alexander Griboyedov, mathematician Sofya Kovalevskaya, Russian poet Osip Mandelstam, “father of the hydrogen bomb”, American physicist Edward Teller, leader of the struggle for civil rights of blacks Martin Luther King. The Russian statesman, Count Pyotr Shuvalov, the co-founder of the German Communist Party Karl Liebknecht, the German revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg, the Soviet writer Yevgeny Schwartz, the People’s Artist of Russia Rimma Markova died. Read more in the review of Realnoe Vremya.

Birthdays of Zhiganov and Avzalova

January 15 1911 Nazib Zhiganov, an outstanding composer and founder of the professional Tatar musical art, was born. During his lifetime, he created many works, including 16 symphonies. In 1943, Zhiganov became the artistic director of the Tatar Opera and Ballet Theater (now named after M. Jalil), a year later he asked to open a conservatory in Kazan, which was established on April 13, 1945. He directed the conservatory for over 40 years until his death on June 2, 1988. He has the title of People’s Artist of the USSR and laureate of two Stalin Prizes and the State Prize of the USSR. He died in Ufa after a concert performance of a new version of the opera “Jalil” during the Days of Literature and Art of Tatarstan in the Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. He was buried at the Arsk cemetery in Kazan. A street in the city is named after him.

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On the same day, but after 22 years, born Soviet and Russian Tatar singer, soloist of the Tatar Philharmonic Alfiya Avzalova. Popularly loved, the legendary queen of the Tatar song, “mon patshabikase”, as she was called, performed ancient and modern folk songs. She founded her own concert group, which included the Kazan Utlary instrumental ensemble led by Karim Gabidullin. Alfiya Avzalova toured the republics of Central Asia and the Baltic states, regions of Russia. People’s Artist of the Tatar ASSR and Honored Artist of the RSFSR died at the age of 85 in Kazan after an illness, and was buried at the Tatar cemetery. There is also a street in the capital of Tatarstan that bears her name.

Photo: Maxim Platonov

January 15 2021 The final, 12th stage of the Dakar 2021 rally race has ended in Saudi Arabia. The first place in the overall standings was taken by the crew of the Russian KAMAZ-master team led by Dmitry Sotnikov. For the rider, this is the first victory at the Dakar Rally (on January 14, 2022, the second one took place – prim. row.). Prior to that, he was a runner-up in 2017 and 2019. As a result, at that time there were 18 victories in the piggy bank of KAMAZ-master.

Formation of the Sledkom, resignation of the Russian government

January 15 1925 The first amateur transmitter in the USSR, built by Fyodor Lbov from Nizhny Novgorod, went on the air. The call sign sounded like R1FL – Russia, the first, Fedor Lbov. The first transmission was received at a distance of about 2500 km in Iraqi Mesopotamia. They found out that the signal was coming from telegrams and foreign magazines, since there were no transmitters. The station worked until the summer of 1927 – then Lbov was instructed to create a provincial radio center.

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Source: wikimedia.org

January 15 2011 On the basis of the Investigative Committee under the Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation, the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation was formed. This body is vested with the right to conduct a preliminary investigation in the form of a preliminary investigation. Since its foundation, it has been headed by Alexander Bastrykin. According to the Investigative Committee itself, in recent years the staff of investigators and forensic investigators has significantly increased in the Investigative Committee, units have been created that specialize in investigating new and relevant types of crimes.

January 15 2020 the second government of Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, formed on May 8-18, 2018, resigned in its entirety. On the same day, it became known that Mikhail Mishustin would be the new prime minister, and Medvedev was offered the post of deputy secretary of the Security Council. He later explained the decision: “The first and most important thing I said when we met with the president after the message, on January 15, was that the message outlined such large-scale tasks for updating the political system, to a certain extent, even changing the balance of power in the country , this applies to both the government and parliament, partly the president, the judiciary, that in order to make all these decisions, the president must be absolutely free to discuss and adopt them without regard to any other factors. Including the government factor.”

Photo: duma.gov.ru

Croatian Independence, Wikipedia launched, Miracle on the Hudson

January 15 is officially celebrated in Croatia Day of International Recognition On this day in 1992, the European Union recognized the independence of the country. All 12 members of the European Union have declared this: Germany, Great Britain, Italy, France, Spain, the Netherlands, Denmark, Belgium, Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal and Greece. This took time, as Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia on June 25, 1991. After the decision of the EU, Croatia was admitted to the UN on May 22, 1992, three years later Croatia and Yugoslavia signed a peace agreement, and in 1996 established diplomatic relations.

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January 15 2001 the first version of the Wikipedia encyclopedia website was launched, for which anyone can write articles. Launched by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger, it was originally a side project for Nupedia, a free English-language online encyclopedia whose articles were written by experts. At the moment, Wikipedia is the largest and most popular reference book on the Internet. Articles are available in several hundred languages, including Tatar. Wikipedia is one of the top 10 most visited websites in the world.

January 15 2009 an event known as the “Miracle on the Hudson” took place. A US Airways Airbus A-320 en route New York-Charlotte-Seattle collided with birds 1.5 minutes after takeoff, causing both engines to fail. As a result, the crew managed to land the plane on the water of the Hudson River in New York without destroying the board itself. The 150 passengers and 5 crew members who were on the plane survived, many of them were injured.

Photo: wikipedia.org

They tried to blame the pilots for the landing – they say they could land the plane at the airport of departure or at other nearby airports. As evidence, testimonies from simulators were cited, on which the same situation was modeled – in all cases, expert pilots managed to land the plane at airports. But when those time figures that were taken from the recorder were inserted into the simulator, no one managed to land the plane on the nearest runway. As a result, the charges were dropped.

Daria Pinegina

SocietyHistory of Tatarstan

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