Tuesday, August 4, 2020

Unemployment insurance, gas and electricity prices, vehicle conversion premium … What changes on August 1

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Among the modifications to be retained, a decree returns to the tightening of the opening of unemployment rights. You will only need to have worked four months out of the last 28 to be eligible for an allowance.

Good news and less good news. Increase in electricity and gas prices, more favorable conditions for unemployment insurance, increased re-entry allowance … While France is still not out of the Covid-19 epidemic, new measures come into force on August 1. Some must provide a little respite for households, others follow the usual schedule. Franceinfo takes stock.

First applications of long-term partial activity

Long-term partial activity, designed for sectors facing a lasting reduction in activity linked to the new coronavirus, entered into force on Friday July 31, with a first sectoral agreement signed in metallurgy.

Presented by the executive as an “anti-dismissal shield”, this device allows a reduction in working time up to a maximum of 40% of non-working hours, subject to a company or branch agreement, six to 24 months, validated by the administration and including commitments on employment and training.

On non-working hours, the employee will receive 84% of his net salary (or 70% of his gross), calculated from a maximum salary of 4.5 minimum wage. As these represent a maximum of 40% of his working time, this guarantees him 93% of his net salary. For its part, the company will receive compensation of 85% of the indemnity paid to the employee (i.e. 15% of out-of-pocket expenses) for an agreement concluded before October 1, and 80% for an agreement concluded after this date.

In addition, the training costs during the period may be covered at 80% by the State.

More favorable conditions for unemployment insurance

The unemployment insurance reform, the second part of which had been postponed to September 1 due to the coronavirus, is postponed until January 1, 2021, according to a decree published Thursday July 30 in the Official Journal.

Moreover, the text returns to the tightening of the opening of rights, in force since the first part of the reform, on November 1. While it was necessary to have worked at least six months out of the last 24 to open up rights, the decree confirms a return to the previous rules, with four months worked over the last 28. On the other hand, the threshold allowing a reloading of rights, when working during his period of unemployment, will be aligned with the conditions of affiliation and will therefore be four months (instead of six) when it was only d. ‘one month before November 1st.

But beware: this good news does not concern everyone. Only workers without a job whose employment contract ends between August 1 and December 31, 2020 are concerned. People who lost their jobs between November and August, especially during the Covid-19 epidemic, will remain subject to the rules of the reform.

Increase in regulated gas prices …

Regulated gas sales tariffs, applied by Engie to millions of French households, will increase by 1.3% on August 1, said the Energy Regulatory Commission (CRE). “This increase is 0.3% for customers who use gas for cooking, 0.7% for those who have dual use, cooking and hot water, and 1.4% for homes that heat themselves. gas “, specified the regulator in a statement.

CRE nevertheless emphasizes that these tariffs have fallen by 24.5% in all since January 1, 2019.

Since this summer and until the end of February 2021, regulated gas prices are subject to a smoothing mechanism put in place by the government. The reduction in the tariff on July 1 was thus deliberately limited, in order to then be able to avoid a too sudden rise in prices this winter, in the wake of the rebound in gas prices.

… and electricity

Regulated tariffs for the sale of electricity should increase by 1.54% in France on August 1, according to the CRE proposal, which has yet to be validated by the government. “The CRE is proposing to the ministers responsible for energy and the economy an increase in the regulated tariffs for the sale of electricity of 1.55% including tax on August 1, 2020, which takes into account the annual change in the tariffs of the public networks electricity transmission and distribution“, indicates the regulator.

The evolution in metropolitan France is 1.54% for residential “blue” tariffs and 1.58% for professionals, details CRE in a deliberation.

Last year, electricity prices had experienced a historic increase of 5.9% on June 1, then 1.23% in August. This year, they increased another 2.4% in February.

Back-to-school allowance increased by 100 euros

The back-to-school allowance (ARS) has an additional 100 euros this year due “social consequences of the epidemic crisis”, indicated the Ministry of Solidarity. It will be paid on August 4 in Reunion Island and Mayotte, then on August 18 in metropolitan France and in the other overseas departments (Martinique, Guadeloupe, Guyana). “More than three million families” should benefit.

Assigned under conditions of resources, the ARS goes this year to 469.97 euros for a child aged 6 to 10 (after 368.84 euros in 2019), to 490.39 euros for a child aged 11 to 14 (389.19 euros last year) and 503.91 euros for a child aged 15 to 18 (402.67 euros in 2019), said the ministry.

She is paid for “each child in school born between September 16, 2002 and December 31, 2014 inclusive”, also for “each child born after this date and already registered in CP”, according to the press release. It also concerns apprentices, indicates the Family Allowance Fund (CAF) on his site.

The ARS will be paid to parents whose 2018 annual income was less than 25,093 euros for a dependent child on July 31 of this year, 30,884 euros for two dependent children or 36,675 euros for three dependent children. In Mayotte, other resource ceilings apply.

A new auto conversion premium

A new conversion bonus system will be put in place from Monday, August 3, to take over from the exceptional bonus of the stimulus plan put in place in June to help builders sell their unsold stocks during confinement. The latter had the expected success, since the planned 200,000 bonuses were granted.

For the rest, “in order to allow the greatest number of households to benefit from this measure, all vehicles classified as Crit’air 3 or older will remain eligible for scrapping (namely petrol vehicles registered before 2006 and diesel vehicles registered before 2011 ) “, specifies the ministry.

The premium scale will however be that which prevailed before the support plan, with a particular effort in favor of the most modest households. The exceptional bonus provided for 3,000 euros for a petrol or diesel car and 5,000 euros for an electric one. Under the new system, individuals will receive 2,500 to 5,000 euros (depending on their income) for the purchase of an electric or plug-in hybrid vehicle. It will be 1,500 to 3,000 euros for a Crit’Air 1 or 2 vehicle.

The conversion bonus will remain eligible for the conversion of a heat engine into an electric motor, in the same way as for the purchase of an electric vehicle. The State surcharge, of a maximum of 1000 euros when the beneficiary lives or works in a “low emission zone” (ZFE) and similar aid has been granted by the local authority concerned, will also be maintained. .

Latest wave of tax administration refunds

You have not yet received a refund check from the tax authorities? You still have a chance this month. If the amount withdrawn as part of the withholding tax in 2019 is greater than the final amount of your tax, or if you are entitled to a refund of tax reductions or credits, the refund can still be made by transfer on August 7, warns the Ministry of Finance on his site. If the tax authorities do not know your bank details, you will be reimbursed by a check sent to your home address, also mailed in August.

From August 7, and until mid-December, you can also correct your statement en case of oversight or error noted on your tax notice. To access this service, you will need to log into your personal space with your tax number and password.

The implementation of proximity payment

From August, it will be possible to pay your taxes, fines or public utility bills (canteen, nursery, hospital notices, etc.) in certain tobacco shops, up to a limit of 300 euros in cash, or by bank card.

You will need an invoice containing a QRcode (“datamatrix”) and containing a note authorizing payment to a tobacconist or approved partner.

The last days of the summer sales

The sales, which should have started initially on June 24, had been postponed to July 15 by the Minister of the Economy, Bruno Le Maire, at the request of small traders, strongly affected by the health crisis and who needed, according to him. , to replenish their cash flow. If you want to take advantage of it, you have until Tuesday, August 11.

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