This simple 10 second balance test will tell you if your risk of death is doubled

According to a new study published in British Journal of Sports MedicineThe inability to stand on one leg for 10 seconds is associated with nearly doubling the risk of dying in the next 10 years.

The inability to stand on one leg for 10 seconds from middle to late age is associated with an almost double risk of death.

If the chances of dying for some reason in the next 10 years almost double, you will not be able to stand on one leg for 10 seconds from middle to late. This is due to new findings published on June 21, 2022. British Journal of Sports Medicine.

According to researchers, this simple and safe balance test can be included in regular health checks for the elderly.

Balance usually remains very well preserved for 60 years of life, until it begins to deteriorate relatively rapidly, in contrast to aerobic fitness, strength and flexibility.

However, balance assessments are not routinely included in middle-aged and older men’s and women’s health examinations. This is probably due to the lack of standardized tests and the lack of hard data that correlates balance with clinical outcomes other than falls.

Therefore, scientists want to know if the balance test is a reliable indicator of the risk of dying for any reason within the next 10 years and is therefore worth including in regular health checks later in life. I thought.

The researchers used participants in the CLIMIN MEX movement cohort study. Founded in 1994, it evaluated various physical fitness measurements, exercise-related variables, and the association of traditional cardiovascular risk factors with health disorders and death.

The current analysis included 1702 participants aged 51-75 (mean 61 years) at the first health examination from February 2009 to December 2020. About two-thirds (68%) were men.

Several measurements of weight and skin fold thickness and waist size were made. Medical history details were also provided. Only those with stable walking are included.

As part of the test, participants were asked to stand on one leg for 10 seconds without additional support.

To improve standardization of the test, participants were asked to keep their arms sideways, with their gaze straight forward, and to place the front of their free foot behind the contralateral lower leg. Up to 3 attempts were allowed on either foot.

Overall, 1 in 5 (20.5%; 348) participants did not pass the test. The inability to do so increased with age and more or less doubled over the next five years after the age of 51-55.

The percentage of people who cannot stand on one leg for 10 seconds is as follows. Nearly 5% of 51-55 years old. 8% of 56-60 years old. A little less than 18% of 61-65 years old. It is less than 37% for 66-70 years old.

More than half (about 54%) between the ages of 71 and 75 failed to complete the test. In other words, people in this age group were 11 times more likely to fail the test than people just 20 years younger.

During the 7-year average monitoring period, 123 people (7%) died.Cardiovascular disease (30%); Respiratory disease (9%);

COVID-19 (new coronavirus infection)
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), first identified in Wuhan, China in 2019, is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It has spread worldwide and has led to the 2019-20 coronavirus pandemic.

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There was no clear temporal tendency or cause difference in death between those who were able to complete the study and those who were not.

However, the mortality rate for those who failed the test was significantly higher, at 17.5%. vs It reflects the absolute difference of 4.5% and a little less than 13%.

In general, those who failed the test were in poor health, a higher percentage were obese, and / or had heart disease, hypertension, and an unhealthy blood fat profile. And type 2 diabetes was three times more common in this group: 38% vs About 13%.

The inability to stand unsupported for 10 seconds on one leg after considering age, gender, and underlying condition is associated with an 84% increased risk of death from any cause within the next 10 years. Was there.

Since this is an observational study, the cause cannot be determined. Since all participants were Caucasian Brazilians, the findings warn researchers that the findings may not be more widely applicable to other ethnic groups and countries.

Also, no information was available on potentially influential factors such as recent fall history, physical activity level, diet, smoking, or the use of drugs that could interfere with balance.

Nonetheless, the researchers found that the 10-second balance test “provides rapid and objective feedback to patients and healthcare professionals regarding static balance” and “useful for the risk of death for middle-aged and older men and women.” I’ll add more information. ” “

Reference: Claudio Gil Araujo, Christina Grune de Souza e Silva, Yari Antero Lauccanen, Maria Fiataron Singh, Setor Quazo Knutzer, João Felipe Franca and Claudi Arcia Castro , June 21, 2022, British Journal of Sports Medicine..
DOI: 10.1136 / bjsports-2021-105360

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