KOMPAS.com – Shortness of breath or dyspnea is a subjective symptom in the form of a desire for someone to increase their efforts to get breathing air.
Because it is subjective, shortness of breath cannot be measured.
The symptoms dyspnea can be felt more or less by trying to hold your breath for about 45-60 seconds, then inhale.
Where, at that moment the feeling is called dyspneic, which is the will to increase breathing efforts.
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Difference in shortness of breath in heart disease with lung disorders
The incident dyspnea or shortness of breath should not be underestimated because it can be a symptom of serious illness, including heart disease.
So far, people who are unfamiliar with the symptoms of heart disease generally equate shortness of breath with lung disorders.
The community is then unaware of the existence of heart disease and considers shortness of breath experienced only as a symptom of respiratory disease not as scary as heart disease.
Patients only realize that they have heart disease when the condition is severe.
In fact, it is not uncommon for them to end up dying because of late handling.
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Therefore, it is important for anyone to be able to recognize the difference between shortness of breath due to heart disease and shortness of breath due to lung problems before it’s too late.
The following differences can be recognized:
1. Pay attention to body position
Launch Book Respirologi (Respiratory Medicine) (2007) by Dr. R. Darmanto Djojodibroto, Sp.P, FCCP, in evaluating the occurrence of shortness of breath, it is necessary to consider the situation when dyspnea happen.
Dyspnea can occur in changes in body position.
Dyspnea which occurs in a reclining body position is called ortopneu, usually caused by heart disease (heart failure).
While, platipneu is the opposite of ortopneu, namely shortness of breath that occurs in an upright position and will improve if the patient is in the barbering position.
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Platipneu more common in pulmonary vascularization abnormalities, such as in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Even so, ortopneu can also occur in advanced lung disease and bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis.
Shortness of breath caused by COPD or advanced lung disease may require similar attention to heart disease because it can also be life threatening.
2. See the time it happened
Shortness of breath that occurs suddenly at midnight after the patient sleeps for several hours, usually occurs in people with heart disease.
While shortness of breath that can occur at any time, usually experienced by people with heart problems.
3. See the accompanying symptoms
Launch Book Thanks to Herbal Kandas Coronary Heart Disease (2014) by Rita Hermawati & Haris Asri Candra Dewi, the difference in shortness of breath due to heart disease with shortness of breath due to lung disorders can be identified through its accompanying symptoms.
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Shortness of breath which can be a symptom of heart disease is usually accompanied by:
- Feeling tired easily
- Deep and fast breathing
- Feeling tight when sleeping with only one pillow
- Breath stops while sleeping
- Dry cough and even accompanied by bubbly blood
While shortness of breath caused by lung disorders, sufferers usually complain of shortness of breath while sleeping in one position.
However, when the sleeping position is changed, the feeling of shortness of breath is reduced and can even disappear.