SEATTLE, June 11. / PRNewswire /. A new study from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington School of Medicine and the Center for Global Health Inequalities Research (CHAIN) found significant reductions in the risk of death among children due to the increase in the duration of the education of fathers.
According to the study, one year of schooling for mothers reduces the risk of death of children under the age of five by 3%, and for children under 5 born to mothers with 12 years of education, this risk is reduced by more than 30% compared to children born mothers with no education. A 12-year education for fathers reduces the mortality risk of children under five years of age by 17% compared to those whose fathers have no education.
“This study is interesting because of the consistency of educational outcomes across the world and over time,” said lead author Hunter York. “While the findings are not causal, they point to a relationship that goes beyond the impact of behavioral characteristics associated with lower educational attainment (eg smoking) or policies to improve child survival regardless of parental education level (eg free family planning) These are important mechanisms that influence the relationship between education and child health but our results point to a beneficial role for education as such. “
The study authors emphasized the importance of further analysis of the impact of parenting education, which has been studied to a much lesser extent than that of mothers.
“Even with the mother’s education being monitored, the father’s education is still important,” said one of the study’s lead authors, Professor Emmanuela Gakidou. indicators for both parents, without neglecting the contribution of the father’s education to the child’s survival. “
This analysis takes into account the results of more than 300 studies from 92 countries, where more than three million live births have been registered. The researchers found that the protective effect of fathers learning increased as the child grew older, but was significant for all age groups up to 5 years.
- For newborns (0 to 27 days), each additional year of mothers’ education reduces the risk of mortality by 1.5%. Each year of fathers’ education reduces the risk by 1.1%.
- For infants (1-11 months), each mother’s school year reduces the risk of mortality by 3.7%. Each year of fathers training reduces the risk by 1.8%.
- For young children (ages 1 to 4), each mother’s school year reduces the risk of mortality by 4.4%. Each year of fathers’ education reduces the risk by 2.2%.
This relationship was observed in all regions and after analyzing the level of well-being or income, the level of education of the partner and the gender of the child.
“There is a need to further reduce child mortality, and investment in education can be the key to achieving this goal,” said Professor Terje Andreas Eikemo, head of CHAIN Center. “Now is the time to place education on the international policy agenda as a global determinant. child survival “.
Importantly, this study also found that the impact of each additional year of education on child survival remains the same for primary, secondary and tertiary education, suggesting that focusing only on primary education misses the opportunity to reduce under-age mortality. 5 years old and giving children the best chance of survival.
“Even across generations, education and health are intertwined,” said Kam Sripada, one of the study’s lead authors. realizing its potential and promoting the survival and prosperity of the next generation. “
This study was funded by the Norwegian Research Council, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and the Rockefeller Foundation – Boston University’s Commission on Social Determinants, Data and Decision Making (3-D Commission).
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Information about the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation
The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) is an independent international health research organization affiliated with the University of Washington School of Medicine. The Institute specializes in providing a thorough and comparable assessment of the world’s major health problems and the effectiveness of strategies to tackle them. IHME is committed to transparency and disseminates the results of its research widely, providing governments and international organizations with the data they need to make informed decisions about allocating resources to improve public health.