Sjogren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease that is chronic and systemic. About 90 percent of people with Sjogren’s syndrome are women and are generally diagnosed in their 40s.
However, the prevalence in Indonesia is unknown. This was conveyed by Dr. dr. Alvina Widhani, SpPD, K-AI, Clinical Immunology Allergy Division, Internal Medicine Department FKUI / RSCM / RSUI and Board of Trustees of Sjogren’s Syndrome Indonesia Foundation.
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“It’s probably because this disease has many symptoms similar to other diseases, making diagnosis difficult,” said Dr. Alvina in the webinar Get to Know Sjogren’s Syndrome: an Autoimmune Disease that is Often Undiagnosed by PT Kalbe Farma Tbk (Kalbe).
“Symptoms can also appear not at one time, so patients sometimes do not realize and do not consider it a problem that needs to be treated,” he added.
Meanwhile, autoimmune disease is a condition in which there is an impaired immune function, thus attacking the body’s own cells. Sjogren’s syndrome primarily affects the salivary glands. In addition, various other organs can be affected, such as the nerves, lungs, kidneys and gastrointestinal tract.
This disease can be treated with a number of efforts. One of them is by maintaining body immunity, namely through the consumption of balanced nutrition, exercising regularly, getting adequate rest, and taking vitamin D. This is because autoimmune patients have low vitamin D levels.