The importance of preventing anxiety and stress.
Social isolation due to the Covid-19 pandemic has led to a increase in disorders such as anxiety, stress, panic attacks and depression, so much so that the WHO speaks of an emergency that also affects mental health. WHO Director General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus explains this in an editorial published in World Psichiatry, declaring that mental health systems in all countries need to be strengthened to cope with the impact. Many people in the world in recent months have suffered from the loss of livelihoods, those who have lost loved ones and those who have suffered from isolation. Some have turned to alcohol, drugs, or potentially risky behaviors thinking they will benefit.
Here because the prevention of mental well-being is a top priority and it is important to monitor the evolution of anxiety and stress which could become a pathology and lead to states of extreme despair. Anxiety is the apprehensive anticipation of a future real or perceived danger or threat, accompanied by physical symptoms of tension. A definition that seems to fit perfectly with the historical moment we are experiencing, also confirmed by the results of the research carried out by the Pool Pharma Observatory on a sample of 890 subjects, aged between 18 and 65, of female and male sex. From the interviews conducted Fragility profiles are highlighted among women, the youngest and those who have suffered economic difficulties related to the lockdown. 63% of the interviewees affirm that they have anxiety disorders, of these, 42% are single women, 21% are young people with a low level of education. 27% suffer from sleep disturbances, while 20% report post-traumatic stress symptoms. 14% of young people, both students and workers, have anxiety attacks because they are unable to detach themselves from their smartphone or PC and live in constant stress of possible “forgetfulness” of a few hours from friends and colleagues.
These findings highlight the need for timely screening programs, aimed at preventing and identifying people suffering from anxiety and stress, especially for those most at risk such as women and young people. There are very few people who at least once in their life have not suffered from anxiety and stress. Even a trivial change of season can create mood imbalances, let alone a pandemic.
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