- The Mediterranean diet, or Cretan diet, is based on natural products, seasonal fruits and vegetables, fish and olive oil.
- It is recommended to fight against obesity, but also against cardiovascular disease and against type 2 diabetes.
- It is not a diet strictly speaking but rather a way to eat logic, season, and without depriving oneself.
"Take two big artichokes of Provence and cook them in the barigoule way. Prepare a pastry dough with 500 g flour, 35 g butter, a bag of olive oil and an egg. Then prepare your stuffing with 50 grams of feta, black olives, cottage cheese and steaks, and a little Espelette pepper. Stuff the artichokes, then cover them with the dough.
Bake for 15 minutes in a 210-degree oven. "
Here is the typical Mediterranean recipe, except for the butter, the star chef Ludovic Turac. It highlights the traditions in its restaurant A Table in the South, on the Old Port of
Marseille. "It's fast, instinctive, warm cooking. We are lucky to have a region rich in gastronomy, which allows us to have fun simply and healthily, "he says.
"A logic of common sense"
"The Mediterranean diet is based on a diet consisting of natural products, seasonal fruits and vegetables, lots of fish and few red meats and little processed products, all washed down with olive oil," explains Sophie. Roussel, dietician in Marseille. It is also called Cretan diet because it is inspired by the usual diet of Greeks and Cretans, based on olive oil, fish and seasonal fruits and vegetables. "It makes it possible to limit industrial products with a logic of common sense," says Virginie Coulaud, also a dietician in Marseille.
Protecting the brain through the belly: the Mediterranean diet to protect against depression? @LysLoume https://t.co/qdZtzKJv3y
– Science and Future (@Sciences_Avenir) October 13, 2018
And yet … "There has been a sharp increase in childhood obesity in countries that have gradually abandoned this diet. This is especially the case in Greece or Crete, where the population is less and less accustomed to follow the culinary customs, in favor of a food ever more transformed, "notes Sophie Roussel.
"A question of quality more than quantity"
For its benefits, the Mediterranean diet has returned to the front of the scene for fifteen years. "We've heard a lot about it at the time of the sharp rise in childhood obesity, which is now stabilizing. More recently, this diet has been recommended for patients with type 2 diabetes, mainly caused by processed and sweet products, "says Sophie Roussel.
"The polyunsaturated fatty acids that are found for example in olive oil are much better than saturated fatty acids such as butter or cream. This protects the arteries, and in fact reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases, "explains Virginie Coulaud. In general, this diet helps combat the acidity found in many products, while its balance is essential in the diet.
The #Provence is characterized by its Mediterranean diet whose interest in health is recognized worldwide! Extra virgin olive oil is your best ally! At least a tablespoon a day! pic.twitter.com/fmilKYAoty
– MPG2019 (@ mpg2019) April 8, 2019
If we used to call it diet, it is "rather a way of eating that is not very restrictive," says Sophie Roussel. "It's not a fad diet like Dukan's. It is rather what is called eating naturally to improve one's health. Many of my patients who follow this diet tell me "it's crazy, I eat more but I do not take weight". It's a question of quality more than quantity, "she says. So you have no more excuse to please you by eating fresh and quality products for an iron health.