Iran and the USA UU. They have been locked in violent tensions for decades, but the situation threatened to overflow in the early 1980s when 52 Americans were taken hostage at the US embassy. UU. In Tehran for more than a year. The diplomatic confrontation began after the Iranian Revolution overthrew Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, who was granted asylum in the United States, but Iran demanded his return to be tried for crimes he was accused of committing during his reign. As a result, a group of Iranian university students who supported the revolution seized the US embassy in Tehran, taking 52 US hostages in the process, in what was described as an act of “blackmail” of which the hostages were ” victims of terrorism. ” and anarchy, “by President Jimmy Carter.
In response, Carter authorized a military rescue mission known as Operation Eagle Claw, sending warships to waters near Iran, along with a rescue helicopter, but bad weather saw one of the helicopters crash and a mechanical failure He condemned the ships, a shocking shame for Carter, who was in the middle of an election campaign and his opponent, Ronald Reagan, seized the opportunity, winning overwhelmingly.
Reflecting on his decision in 2014, Carter told CNBC: “I think he would have been easily reelected if he could have rescued our hostages from the Iranians.
“Everyone asks me what I would do, well, I would send one more helicopter, because if I had one more helicopter, we could have brought not only the 52 hostages, but also the rescue team.
“When that (the helicopter) failed, I think it was the main factor that caused my re-election failure.
“So that’s something that would change.”
Rosalynn Carter revealed how her husband refused to receive advice from everyone around him.
She said: “I would say” do something, anything “and he would say” and take them out and execute them in front of the world? “
“He was firm, hard, we knew he probably wouldn’t be re-elected for it, but he didn’t give up.”
“I was proud of him, peace is very difficult because war is very popular in our country.”
READ MORE: The torture of Iran’s ‘mock execution’ on the hostages of the US embassy
The failed attempt on April 24, 1980 resulted in the death of an Iranian civilian and the accidental death of eight US military after one of the helicopters crashed into a transport plane.
In September of the same year, the Iraqi army invaded Iran, beginning the Iran-Iraq War, events that led the Iranian government to reopen negotiations with the United States.
The hostages were formally released into US custody minutes after Ronald Reagan took office.
The crisis led to economic sanctions against Iran, in what was the beginning of the end of positive relations between the two.
But things could have been much worse.
The incident occurred at the height of the Cold War and if the United States had used a nuclear weapon against Iran, it is quite possible that the Soviet Union, an ally, would have responded.
The end of the hostage crisis in Iran may also have helped divert a World War III scenario.