- In December, the Cabinet adopted a two-part Special Needs Immigration Act designed to make it easier for non-EU foreigners to enter the German labor market.
- In March, the law in the Bundestag should be discussed. Under pressure from Union internal politicians, this project was postponed.
- The Union intends to link the advice to the law on orderly return, which provides for stricter deportations of persons required to leave the country.
For decades, the SPD has been fighting for an immigration law. In the meantime she is supported by business associations, chambers of trade and the construction industry. In many regions of Germany, people are lacking in nursing and IT jobs, at the cement mixer or in the bakery. According to estimates by the German Association of Chambers of Industry and Commerce (DIHK), 1.6 million jobs are vacant in the long term. In December, the Cabinet has therefore adopted a two-part Fachkräftezuwanderungsgesetz. It is designed to make it easier for non-EU foreigners to enter the German labor market. In March, the bill should be discussed in the Bundestag, it was agreed. Now it is clear: The cause is postponed. Until when is open.
The parliamentary consultation of the law was postponed to pressure from domestic politicians of the Union in the Bundestag. The Union intends to link it to another legislative proposal: the law on orderly return, which provides for stricter deportations of persons required to leave the country. The SPD in the Bundestag was upset about the delay. "The skilled workers immigration law is fixed in the coalition agreement, which is not subject to reservation," said the deputy leader of the SPD, Eva Högl, who South German newspaper, It was also "neither time nor content wise" to link it with another legislative proposal. The skilled labor immigration law must be "passed quickly".
The so-called employment toleration encounters resistance
For months, EU domestic politicians had objected to the Law on the Immigration of Special Needs Professionals. It provides that people with qualified vocational training may seek work in Germany for up to six months if they can provide for their own livelihood. A second law is to regulate that rejected asylum seekers who are tolerated and can not be deported, the job search is facilitated. This so-called employment toleration encounters resistance in the Union. Quite a few MPs fear that the law may encourage people to leave for Germany, even without the prospect of asylum or education. After nearly two years, they could theoretically sue for a permanent residence status, so the fear.
The critics could not stop the bill. Leading trade associations put pressure: German companies could also need unskilled workers from abroad and train to become skilled workers. The chancellor also reportedly made some progress. In December, the skilled labor immigration law was passed in the cabinet. Since then, the Union's internal politicians have not found peace, but apparently listen to the Union faction leader Ralph Brinkhaus (CDU).
"We want to advise the Fachkräfteeinwanderungsgesetz in Parliament only if we have a Cabinet decision also to the orderly return law", said the domestic political spokesman of the Union faction, Mathias Middelberg (CDU) of the SZ, If you ask him, for which the notion of skilled labor immigration law and orderly return law should be good, he speaks of "two sides of the same coin". The Union wanted "clear rules for entry into Germany, but equally clear provisions for the departure of those who have no right to stay".
The FDP speaks of a "voter acquisition program for the AfD"
Out of 56,000 enforceable asylum seekers who had to leave the country, only 26,000 could be deported in 2018. Federal Interior Minister Horst Seehofer (CSU) now wants to change this with the orderly return law. Asylum seekers who do not contribute to their own repatriation, should only get a "toleration light", neither work nor attend language courses. Anyone who deliberately prevents deportation should be prosecuted. That could meet supporters of the church asylum. Offenders should be more easily deported and deportation detention expanded. Because places are missing, deportees should be temporarily housed in correctional facilities.
This is illegal under EU law. Federal Minister of Justice Katarina Barley (SPD) has already identified legal concerns. It lacks execution, not laws. CDU politician Middelberg sees it differently. "If about a quarter of deportations fail because those affected go underground, the Justice Minister must also ask how we can make exit custody and deportation detention more efficient," he said.
In the Bundestag Union and SPD now want to find a solution, like without public disagreement. Interior Minister Seehofer, who may no longer be a noisemaker, called for compromise. "I attach great importance to ministers trying to balance their affairs and to solve them together," he said recently. "That does not succeed if you constantly start up." The Green Party politician Filiz Polat said the Union wants to "completely nullify an already bad compromise". If the coalition does not bring the Fachkräfteeinwanderungsgesetz until the European elections on the stage, that is a "voter acquisition program for the AfD," said the FDP politician Konstantin Kuhle. The Federal Association of German Employers' Associations also received criticism. "It is wrong to link asylum and skilled labor immigration with each other," it said. "The planned Fachkräftezuwanderungsgesetz is overdue and urgently needed."