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American fertility rate is needed below level to replace the population, says study

The new report also reveals some important differences per state in fertility rates.

In 2017, out of the 50 states and the District of Columbia, total fertility rates ranged from 2,227.5 per 1,000 women in South Dakota to 1,421 per 1,000 women in DC, a difference of 57%, according to the report, that Thursday has been published. .

Overall, the total fertility rate for the United States in 2017 was 1765.5 per 1,000 women, which was 16% lower than what is considered the level a population needs to replace itself: 2100 births per 1,000 women, the report.

The new report was based on birth certificate data from 2017, provided to the National Center for Health Statistics through the cooperative program Vital Statistics. The researchers examined the data per state and the total birth rates. The percentages were measured as estimates of the number of births that a hypothetical group of 1,000 women would have during their lifetime, given the birth rate for that year by age.

The researchers found that South Dakota, at a rate of 2,227.5, and Utah, at a rate of 2,120.5, were the only states with a total fertility rate above the replacement level in 2017.

The report also showed differences in total fertility rates per breed: in non-Spanish white women, none of the states had a fertility rate above the replacement level; 12 states among non-Spanish black women; and 29 states among the Spanish women.

American fertility rates down, first time moms grow older

For non-Hispanic white women, the highest total fertility rate in Utah was 2,099.5 and the lowest in the Columbia District was 1,012.

Among non-Hispanic black women, the highest total fertility rate in Maine was at 4,003.5, and the lowest in Wyoming, at 1,146.

For Spanish women, the highest fertility rate in Alabama was at 3,085, and lowest in Vermont, at 1,200.5, and Maine, at 1,281.5.

The report had some limitations, including that for some groups of women the number of births used as a basis for calculating the total fertility rate was small.

American fertility score reaches an historic low point

But generally speaking, although nearly all states have a total fertility rate indicating that their total population will increase as a result of births, these results show that there are differences in fertility patterns in states between groups according to race and Spanish origin, " the researchers wrote in the report.

Earlier research has shown that the US birth rate in 2017 is a record low & # 39; showed, when the number of births nationwide was the lowest in three decades.

Based on data from the National Center for Heath Statistics released last year, approximately 3,853,472 babies were born in 2017 – the lowest number of births in 30 years and a decrease of a record high of 4,316,233 in 2007.

& # 39; There is concern & # 39;

The total fertility rate for the United States has been decreasing for some time, Dr. Georges Benjamin, executive director of the American Public Health Association, who was not involved in the new report.
The fertility rates in the world have halved since 1950, the study says

"We have seen fertility rates drop and I think it has a lot to do with women and men, especially couples, who have much more control over their reproductive life," Benjamin said.

Between 2007 and 2017, for example, the total fertility rate in the United States dropped by 12% in provinces in the countryside, with 16% in suburban provinces and 18% in large metropolises, according to a separate CDC data report released in October .
In addition, preliminary data on births that the CDC published in May noted that the nationwide total fertility rate "has generally been below the replacement since 1971."

When we consider the rates over longer periods, remember that we come from a peak in the baby boom generation, so it is also kept up to date by the very high baby boom we had after the Second World War, and so you are really going to reductions of that look at it, "Benjamin said.

"I think that care – and there is a concern – is a fertility rate that does not allow us to perpetuate our society," he said. "But we can sometimes turn around or turn around after a while, but that remains to be seen."


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