On May 27, the director of the Administrative Department of the Presidency of the Republic (Dapre), Víctor Muñoz, announced that on June 1 a decree will be issued that will order the reopening of all productive activities in the country. In line with the above, the Ministry of Health and Social Protection (MinSalud) reported on May 30 its projection of what the reactivation agenda would be like.
“We started a process of opening up all sectors, this which means that the topics associated with bars, discos, sports with public attendance, will begin to be allowed. Obviously, as always, it will depend on the epidemiological conditions of some cities, ”Muñoz said at a press conference.
So then, this Sunday the Minister of Health and Social Protection, Fernando Ruiz Gómez, explained, in conversation with businessmen who represent 85 unions in the economy, some scope of the new health emergency and what is being sought in terms of economic and social reactivation in the country.
According to Ruiz, the extension of the health emergency, which will run until August 31, “is the opportunity to start projecting what the safe reopening and reactivation of the country will be like.”
“Obviously we are on the cusp of the third peak and we could probably live a fourth or fifth peak, we don’t know … But somehow, the conditions of affectation have been varying”, Indicated the minister, who stressed that In the large cities of the country, the prevalence of the virus is between 70% and 98%, that is, that is the percentage of the population that has been in contact with the virus.
“Among these cities, the one at the extreme is Leticia, where practically the entire population has been in contact with the virus”And reflects a mortality rate of 450 per 100,000 inhabitants. “That is why we decided to unify vaccination in Leticia, a process that was quite successful and allowed us to protect the rest of the country,” added Ruiz Gómez.
Therefore, he explained that In the cases of cities with a prevalence of 70%, there is still a 30% vulnerable population, but at this point vaccination enters as a factor to protect the population, This has been reflected in the reduction in the proportion of deaths in the country in the group over 80 years of age. “This reduction in the mortality of older adults is the effect of vaccination,” he said.
The minister assured that At the end of June, the stage three vaccination is expected to be completed, “which will give greater peace of mind for the possible reactivation and reopening of the country., with economic, social and cultural sectors, among others ”.
“With this reality and growing vaccination, we can make a decision, which seems a bit striking, which is to generate a large opening in the country,” said the minister, specifying that towards the end of June the peak will have already dropped and there will be better conditions given by vaccination.
“Faced with this eventuality, we are making a series of decisions that are important, because we have the pandemic, but on the other side poverty, unemployment, mental health, young people who have not had an education, children with obesity being at home, sedentary … ”, Stated the minister, making it clear that there are other factors that must be addressed.
According to MinSalud, what is projected at this time is that As of June 1, all primary, secondary and kindergarten education will be in alternation, but as of July 15, with the goal of having all teachers vaccinated, it would return to the presence for the benefit of the children and adolescents of the country.
For the portfolio, stadiums, coliseums and other related venues, may return to the presence starting with a capacity of 25%.
The ministry also explained that in “the labor issue” it could return to face-to-face as progress is made in the vaccination of the population with comorbidities and thus guarantee that the return is safe.
“There are businessmen who tell us they have a problem, because they tell their people that they have to go to work and the first thing they tell them is that they have comorbidities. So, once this population is vaccinated, the option of being present will be completely open ”, highlighted the portfolio manager.
Likewise, Ruiz Gómez highlighted that These conditions may occur in cities with an intensive care unit (ICU) occupancy of less than 85% and they will be modulated as stage three is completed.
Regarding this sector, “which does not generate greater risk,” the ministry indicated that “it should also be opened mostly, as well as transport, with the goal that, as far as possible, it reaches 100% capacity, employing measures of biosecurity. “
According to Ruiz Gómez, it is most likely that covid-19 will become an endemic, becoming an epidemiological risk for the population, that might look like the flu, which causes at least 13 thousand deaths every year.
“To the extent that the strains vary, we will have to revaccinate ourselves in the following years,” he said.