The question of choosing a future profession has always been relevant for students in Moscow schools. The foundations of modern approaches were laid in the late 1960s, when significant progress was made in the field of vocational education.
Documents of the Moscow City Council, preserved in the funds of the capital’s Main Archive, tell about the comprehensive improvement of the system of vocational education in our country, as well as how machines and workshops appeared in schools, and schools began to produce specialists.
In 1969, vocational education in Moscow could be obtained in 146 schools. More than 54 thousand people have been trained there. In 1966-1968, vocational schools trained over 109,000 skilled workers for industrial enterprises, transport and consumer services. At the same time, measures were taken to strengthen the material base, improve the level of training of teaching staff and expand the network of vocational schools. Experimental work was also carried out: institutions were created in which students, along with mastering the profession, continued their general education.
The issue of improving the system of vocational education was very serious at that time, which is confirmed by the decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CC CPSU) and the Council of Ministers of the USSR, which is among the documents of the Main Archive of Moscow. According to a joint resolution of the Moscow City Council and the Bureau of the Moscow City Committee of the CPSU, in 1969, the development of a plan for the transformation of vocational schools into schools began.
After graduating from the eighth grade of the school, the student could begin to master professional skills. The city department of vocational education was instructed to increase the number of sports sections, circles of technical and artistic creativity.
At the same time, personnel shortages remained relevant – the lack of teachers in a number of schools. Specialists with higher education and masters of industrial training with secondary specialized or higher education began to be actively involved in work in schools. New methods were developed for the retraining of engineering and teaching staff. All teachers got acquainted with new achievements of science and technology, organization of production, as well as with the experience of innovators and leaders in production.
Attention was also paid to the employment of school graduates. Thus, the executive committees of the district councils of Moscow helped students in obtaining the relevant production professions through the system of vocational education. It was noted that a significant part of young people come to work in production without having a professional education. Equipment wear and tear was also a problem. Mandatory for the needs of educational institutions began to allocate the necessary equipment, instruments and tools. Closer attention was also paid to production practice – students were provided with full-time jobs in workshops and at construction sites, where future workers were introduced to equipment and production technology.
Trade union organizations of basic enterprises assisted educational institutions of vocational education in matters of educational work. The doors of palaces and houses of culture, libraries, stadiums, gyms and tourist camps were opened for students. They could visit them on a par with employees of enterprises.
Over 200 professions
By the 1970s, a sufficient number of schools and technical schools were opened. The long-term plan for 1971-1975 for the development of a network of vocational education in Moscow still serves as an example of effective training of specialists today. Modern colleges of the capital are equipped with all the necessary equipment and simulators. Students are trained in more than 200 professions and specialties. Moscow vocational education projects “Professional training without borders” and the competition of professional skills “Young Professionals” are developing in accordance with new requirements and requests. The foundations of modern vocational guidance are reflected in the documents published by the Main Archive of Moscow.
You can apply for admission to the Moscow College from June 20 to August 15 inclusive on the mos.ru portal. Reception of documents for training in specialties that require certain creative abilities, physical or psychological qualities is open until August 10.