[Kyoto Museum # 4]Korai Museum Only here in the world “Atsumare! Animal Crim of the Joseon Dynasty” Exhibition Until August 21-Art Exhibition Navi

The “Atsumare! Animal Crim of the Joseon Dynasty” exhibition is being held at the Korai Museum, the only museum specializing in Korea in Korea. “Klim” means “picture” in Hangul. Focusing on paintings, the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910) About the animal motif70Dot art works are introduced. During the Joseon Dynasty, unique designs and decorations such as “Choseizu”, which is a fusion of Taoism and Confucianism, will develop. In the exhibition, such works with different tastes from China and Japan will be lined up.The exhibition is8moon21Until the day.

Special exhibition “Atsumare! Animal Crim of the Joseon Dynasty”
Venue: Korai Museum (Kita-ku, Kyoto)
Period: April 1 (Gold) to August 21 (Sun), 2022
Opening hours: 10:00 am to 4:30 pm (admission is until 4:00 pm)
Closed: Wednesday (Open on May 4th)
Access: Immediately after getting off at Kyoto City Bus “Kamogawa Junior High School”, about 1.6km from “Kitaoji Station” on the Subway Karasuma Line
Admission fee: General 500 yen, high school student 400 yen, junior high school students and younger, person with disability certificate present and one caregiver free
For details, go to the Korai Museum website

Korea Museum of Art

Chomun Chon, a first-generation Korean resident in Japan and a businessman(Te Shobun/Jung Jomun =1918-1989)Mr,1988A museum established in 1945. It is said that it is the only museum specializing in Korea and Korea in Japan, and it may not be found overseas.Mr. Chung6When I was old, my parents took me to Japan.37When I was old, I met a Korean white porcelain jar, and I was deeply moved to see the existence of the Ly Dynasty and Korea.Since then, in search of familiar “things that smell like the peninsula”, ceramics such as Goryeo porcelain and Joseon white porcelain, paintings, arts and crafts, folk materials, archaeological materials, etc.1700Collected points. “I want young people from my country to feel the climate of my homeland,” he established the museum.2Special exhibition of the times(Permanent exhibitions can also be seen in the special exhibitions)It is open to the public at.

Huajiao

“Hwa Kok Box (Yellow)” Joseon Dynasty 18th-19th century

HuajiaoKakuIs a decoration technique peculiar to the Korean Peninsula, in which the horns of a cow are peeled off and stretched into a transparent plate of 1 mm or less, and a picture is drawn on the back side and pasted on the wood. Since the surface of the picture does not come into contact with the outside air, bright colors remain.I used sea turtlestortoiseshellHawksbill turtleIt is said that it was developed by substituting beef horns and beef bones because it became unavailable. Most of the flower-shaped crafts,classYanbanIt seems that it was made as a wedding tool for wealthy women. Animals such as tigers, lions, cranes, turtles, elephants, deer, and sheep are depicted as auspicious patterns wishing for longevity and prosperity.

“Hanakaku three-layer Chan” part

There are 159 plate-shaped weapons pasted on this “Hanakaku Sanryo Chan”. You can see something like a white frame on each of the four sides of each corner. It is said that this is a beef bone that has been cut into small pieces in order to prevent the columnar corners from warping when they return to their original shape. I feel the delicate work and the time it will take. It is said that these craftsmen were under the control of the royal family and made works by order of aristocrats. The status was also attached to the royal family, but it seems that it was released at the end of the 1800s and began to make furniture for the city. It seems that some of them may have been brought to Japan. Looking at the bottom of “Hanakaku Sanryo Chan”, it looks like a bat with its wings spread. “Bat” in “bat” has the same pronunciation as “fortune” and is said to be auspicious, so it is said to have this shape. However, the lower part of “Powdered Makeup Color Choseibun Sanryo Chan” does not have the shape of a bat. It is speculated that this was made for Japan. The more you know the details, the more you will be interested.

stone man

Not a klim, but standing at the entrance to the building, in the garden, or indoorsstone manCoughI was worried. It seems to be the guardian deity of the grave. A literary person, a warrior, and a child stand facing each other in pairs. What’s interesting is that the nose is worn out. There is a belief that if you rub the nose of a stone man, your wish will come true. is. Even in Japan, when the illness is cured by stroking the part, there are many images of people stroking and wearing it.

Stone pillars and stone people in the front yard that imitate a tomb

Tiger Figure

“Magpie Tiger Figure” (center back) Korean era 19th-20th centuries

The tiger figure is popular in Japan and China, but it seems that it was the same in Korea. In the myth of the birth of the Gojoseon dynasty, a tiger and a bear who want to become humans appear. Given the trials, the bear endured and became a human, but the tiger escaped on the way. He feels familiar with this weak tiger.Above the tiger in the picture, on the pine branchmagpiemagpieIs stopped.The magpie is a bird that conveys good news, and the tiger isdisasterBotherTo prevent. The paintings depicting both are said to be auspicious and were displayed near the gate. There is another picture of a tiger’s parent and child called “Parent-child tiger figure”, but both are not scary and humorous tigers. It may be that the Korean people’s familiarity with tigers is appearing. Also, the pattern is like a leopard. There is also a picture of a leopard print tiger in the Momoyama period in Japan. People at that time who had never seen a real tiger misunderstood that the leopard print was a female tiger. It may be the same as that.

longevity

“Embroidery Juchoseibun Pillow Corner” (center) 19th century Korean era

pillow cornerChinguIs a decoration attached to both sides of the pillow. Ten long-lived patterns of crane, deer, turtle, pine, bamboo, sun, cloud, rock, reishi, and water are embroidered in the circle. This is called a tenth grader. Raimon, bats, and gourds, which represent a long-standing constant, are displayed alternately on the outer circumference. In the paintings of the Joseon Dynasty, there are many patterns that represent the tenth and other longevity and fertility.

(From the rear left) Both “Crab and bud” and “Mice and melon” are from the 15th to 16th centuries of the Joseon Dynasty.

Two mice, white and black, that bite the crab and melon in the turnip leaves. Crabs lay a lot of eggs, so they are prolific, and two crabs mean marital harmony. In addition, the “Kou” of the crab shell represents the highest evaluation as “Kou Otsucho …”. Cats are being tossed by bees. It is an emotional picture of Chunlan swaying under the wild thorns. Cats represent longevity, bees represent goods, and plum blossoms and spring orchids in full bloom represent virtue.

“Embroidery Tenchosei Folding Screen Eight Songs, One Ship” The latter half of the 19th century during the Joseon Dynasty

Tenchosei is drawn in each of the eight songs. The turtle blows a breath of water on the pine, the deer drinks it, the crane rises to the heavens with the pine needles, and after 1000 years, it turns blue and returns to the ground. It is drawn as if it were. It seems that the meaning of auspiciousness is strengthened. Such designs are rarely seen in Japanese and Chinese paintings. In addition, the background is bright red, which is rare in Korea. It seems that red was a precious color because pigments and dyes such as Bengaraya, lead tan, and safflower could not be taken. This folding screen would have been quite expensive.

North Korean messenger

“Joseon Tongsinsa Arrival and Return Procession Map” Mid-Edo Period 1711 Replica
“Mune Tsushima Shugo Return Procession Map” Same as above

This is the material of the Joseon Tongsinsa, which is on permanent display.The Joseon Tongsinsa is a delegation dispatched by the King of Korea, which began in the Muromachi period.1607Will be resurrected in the year.After that12Continues times.2017year10It was registered in UNESCO’s “Memory of the World” in March.The two matrix diagrams are the items registered in “Memory of the World”, and all of them.4roll.8When rolled up108It can also be a meter. It was introduced to the Owari-Tokugawa family, and it is said that it was one of the bride’s tools when the breathing woman married the Konoe family in Kyoto.1711In the year, the old man ordered the Tsushima feudal clan and Soke to draw it, but all of them400The purpose was to use it as a material for responding to the communication messenger who can also be a human being. Since it was drawn for practical purposes, it is drawn accurately in every detail. You will never get tired of seeing the envoy’s litter, the basket of Tsushima’s lord, the number of samurai guards and luggage, and costumes. The replica is on display, but it seems that the real thing does not deteriorate and looks the same. You can see that it was kept in a safe place.

“Saizu on horseback” Edo period Mid-18th century

This is also a work registered in “Memory of the World”. At the request of Iemitsu, horse acrobatics became a messenger and was shown in front of the shogun and daimyo. This painting seems to be a combination of a formal place and a rehearsal exercise at the Tsushima clan’s residence. In the foreground, a samurai in plain clothes is observing. It is extremely rare to see such a behind-the-scenes scene. The person in charge of the communication messenger and the Tsushima feudal clan may have had a meeting. If you take a closer look, you may discover something.

2Floor exhibition Men’s and women’s rooms

A room with a woman in the foreground and a man in the back

During the Joseon Dynasty, when the spirit of Confucianism was infiltrated, the rooms were separated by men and women.The men’s roomLang roomSarambangIt was located near the entrance. Not only was he familiar with koto, shogi / go, and calligraphy, but he also spent most of his daily life as a customer service, work, and bedroom. It was a place of life that projected spirituality with frugality first.On the other hand, the room where women usually live isboudoirCubaneIt was a private space where couples sleep and eat together. This is a gorgeous room with chests of drawers, mirror stands, sewing boxes, etc. with Chosei patterns and Mizusho characters.

Looking at it in this way, there are various things that are the same as or similar to Japan, and things that are different. Chomun Chon’s son and director of the museum, Chomun Chon, says, “I want you to feel the breath of Korea in Japan. I want you to know each other’s countries around you.” It seems that there are many materials that you can get to know more deeply, such as putting a wish for longevity in the picture or drawing an auspicious picture.

★ Take a break ★

The museum staff recommended that the atmosphere be good, Cafe Stardust, which is a 6- or 7-minute walk to the west.http://stardustkyoto.com/cafe/). The 90-year-old folk house, which is a woven house, has a high ceiling and a relaxed atmosphere. Antique desks and chairs are also perfect for this space. The lighting is centered on natural light and the shadows are deep. The menu is black tea, green tea, and oolong tea from the French tea shop CHA YUAN. Coffee, cakes, tarts, etc. All materials are derived from plants.The cafe in the back of the building is limited to 9 peopleAdvance reservation is required.. The price is 700-800 yen for tea. Coffee 660 yen. By the way, I ordered CHA YUAN’s “Orb de Shanghai”. The scent of fruit and vanilla was wonderful. Closed on Mondays and Thursdays. Open from 11:00 to 18:00.Reservation is ℡0752867296to.

(Writer, Kimiya Akiyama)

Kimiya Akiyama: Born in 1957. After working at the Yomiuri Shimbun Editorial Bureau and the Yomiuri Plus Organization Headquarters, he was in charge of “Art Exhibition Navi” at the Yomiuri Shimbun Business Bureau. He has been a freelance writer since 2022.

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