According to the European Commission, two loans totaling 900 million euros granted in 2017 to Alitalia by the Italian state are “illegal” under EU rules, but the future public company Ita is not liable for reimbursement.
After an “in-depth investigation”, the EU executive said it had come to the conclusion that these two loans gave the company “an unfair advantage over its competitors, in violation of EU rules in State aid matters “.
“Italy must now recover them from Alitalia in order to restore a level playing field within the European aviation industry”, according to European Competition Commissioner Margrethe Vestager.
1.35 billion euros for Ita
The public company Ita, founded in 2020 and supposed to take off next month, is therefore not affected by the reimbursement. Even if it must take over part of Alitalia’s assets, Ita is “not its economic successor” and “therefore is not required to repay the illegal State aid received”, the Commission said.
After the initial injection of 700 million euros formally approved by the Italian state at the end of July 2021, the Ita company should benefit from two other capital increases in 2022 and 2023, bringing the total to 1.35 billion euros. Such capital injections from Italy “are in line with market conditions and therefore do not constitute state aid under EU rules”, notes the EU executive. The former government headed by Giuseppe Conte had planned a total of 3 billion euros of public funds to support the group succeeding Alitalia.
Alitalia’s ground services and maintenance will be sold separately, through public tenders, as requested by Brussels, but Ita will be able to participate alongside other investors. The Alitalia brand will also be put up for sale through a public tender in order to meet EU requirements.