Polycystic ovarian syndrome is also called "ovarian dystrophy", it affects 1 in 10 women and yet we hear very little. Recently the YouTubeuse Enjoyphoenix admitted to suffering from this disease. We take stock.
After endometriosis that tends to become more known, today, close up on polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Discovered in 1935 by Stein and Leventhal, this disease is currently not well known, while affecting many women.
What exactly is an ovary?
A woman has two ovariesthey are glands that enable the production of ova (the scientific term for talking about eggs). Every month, during ovulation, women of childbearing age release one.
Initially there is the follicle
A follicle is an egg in formation, this is the stage before it grows up. Once it is mature, the egg goes to the fallopian tubes in which it is either fertilized by a sperm or expelled, and in this case the woman gets her period. But scientists have discovered thatsome follicles were not mature and then accumulated in the ovaries.
What are the symptoms?
They are many, but the first is a absenceovulation. Can also be seen increased hair on certain parts of the body and the year. Some women are affected by it polycystic ovarian syndrome can be overweight or obese. The amount of lipid in the blood increases, the risk of cardiovascular disease is greater. Mood disorders have been observed in some patients.
What are the causes of this disease?
Like many women's diseases, the origin is unknown and IThere is no treatmentt. Doctors suspect a genetic cause, or eating disorders or obesity. But many factors must be taken into account.
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Can we become pregnant if we have polycystic ovarian syndrome?
Yes, the PCOS "is not a cause of infertility", Didier Dewailly explains endocrinologist specialized in reproduction in Figaro. Good news for women who want to become mothers: "in fact, most women become pregnant without problems, are accompanied and encouraged"Michel Pugeat testifies, endocrinologist, Marie Claire magazine
Treatment of polycystic ovarian syndrome
Women with PCOS must be followed. "When there is a desire for pregnancy, progesterone is given to restore cycles. Then, when the patient is pregnant, one is very alert to metabolism because it is more likely to develop gestational diabetes.Dr. Pugeat explains: to combat hair growth and to calm the ovaries, gynecologists usually prescribe that second generation pill or anti-androgen treatments.