Type 2 diabetes can cause symptoms such as fatigue, excessive thirst and the need to pee a lot. If left untreated, serious problems can occur in the eyes, heart, kidneys and nerves. So what can you manage the blood sugar level to prevent and control the condition? While simple diet changes like eating lots of fruit and vegetables and reducing sugar, fat and salt are just some of the ways you can do it, some foods in particular have been shown to have hypoglycemic properties.
A 2015 review that looked at 16 studies found that oat has a beneficial effect on glucose control in people with type 2 diabetes.
Experts say that oats have this effect because of their low GI score, which makes them less likely to cause spikes and drops in blood sugar.
Oats, including oatmeal and oat bran, also contain B-glucans, which can reduce blood sugar and insulin responses after meals.
But doctors recommend people with diabetes not to eat too much oats because one cup contains about 28 g of carbohydrates.
Carbohydrates are known to increase blood sugar levels.
But oats are not the only food you can eat for breakfast to lower your blood sugar.
"Eggs can be enjoyed as part of a healthy and balanced diet, but it is better to cook them without adding salt or fat.
"For example, boiled or poached, without added salt, scrambled without butter and using low-fat milk instead of cream.
"Frying eggs can increase their fat content by around 50%."
A popular breakfast food that can negatively impact blood sugar is bagels.
Speaking of prevention, Matthew Freeby, MD, director of the Gonda Diabetes Center at UCLA Health, said: "Many of my diabetic patients think that sugar is the worst thing that is affecting their blood sugar level, but it really is about carbohydrates.
"I tell them to look at the nutritional labels for the total carbohydrate content, not just the sugar content.
"Donuts and bagels made with refined and processed grains are the main sources of carbohydrates that increase blood sugar".