Antimicrobial resistance is now one of the biggest problems facing global public health. This phenomenon is the result of changes that occur in micro-organisms that make them resistant to the drugs used to cure a disease. The fundamental cause is the improper use of antibiotics.
the International conference: resistance against antimicrobials, from the laboratory to the clinic, celebrated on 26 and 27 September 2018, at the Meliá Habana Hotel, organized by the Cuban Society for Microbiology and Parasitology (SCMP) together with the European Society of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (SECMID), the Institute of Tropical Medicine Pedro Kouri (IPK), and is sponsored by the Ministry of Health (MINSAP), the National Council of Scientific Societies of Health (CNSCS) and the Center for Genetic Development and Biotechnology (CIGB).
Some 300 Cuban representatives take part in the meeting and representatives from 14 countries, including Russia, Switzerland, Spain, the United States, the United Kingdom, Chile and Bolivia.
More than a dozen international experts who are members of SECMID present their experiences with the goal of an exchange of experiences on the clinical impact of antimicrobial resistance, early detection, interpretation and therapeutic management of bacterial fungal infections, viral and parasitic. Participation in Cuba is a member of the Group of Biotechnological and Pharmaceutical Industries (BioCubaFarma), leaders in the production of antibiotics and specialists at the Plant Health Center.
The current and future situation of resistance to antimicrobials, their mechanisms in different bacteria, the most important resistant pathogens, resistance in tuberculosis, fungi, viruses, HIV, hepatitis B and C are discussed topics.
The new global strategies to combat infections without the use of antibiotics and the importance of prevention and control programs are being discussed.
Resistance to antibiotics is one of three topics that are prioritized by the World Health Organization (WHO), which has drawn up a global action plan with five strategic objectives, the implementation of which entails high economic costs.
In 2014, 700 million people died as a result of this cause and it is estimated that more than 10 million people will die each year in 2050. Cuba and its health and research institutions have drawn up a national action plan with health institutions, agriculture, veterinary medicine, the Center for Health Promotion and the Society of Microbiology to evaluate the impact that this problem has at national level and offers solutions that are within the country's reach lie.
It is vital to educate the population in this sense, so it is advisable not to be medicated yourself, to comply with the full treatment led by the doctor, even if there is an improvement in the clinical picture; and, above all, to maintain good hygiene and good food preservation, fundamental factors for the prevention of infections, and without doubt the best way to prevent the use of antimicrobial agents.