Asthma, COPD, pneumonia and other common respiratory problems: how to address them

Asthma, COPD, pneumonia and other common respiratory problems: how to address them

Asthma, COPD, pneumonia and other common respiratory problems: how to address them | & nbspPhoto Credit: & nbspGetty Images


Key points

  • The winter season can be a challenge, especially for those with existing respiratory conditions such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or bronchitis.
  • Then, if you are coughing or sneezing, be sure to consult your doctor immediately, who will prescribe the appropriate medications.
  • Here are some common respiratory problems that are common in winters and how you can get rid of them.

New Delhi: Cold air can wreak havoc on your health. It can mean problems, especially for those with existing respiratory conditions such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or bronchitis. Cold weather can be difficult for people and cause respiratory infections, even in healthy adults. Therefore, problems such as wheezing, common cold, cough, flu and shortness of breath can get in your way.

In addition, during the winter months, people tend to stay indoors, which allows them to transmit viruses more easily from one person to another and can weaken immunity. Then, if you are coughing or sneezing, be sure to consult your doctor immediately, who will prescribe the appropriate medications.

Common respiratory ailments and how to deal with them.

In this article, Dr. Samir Garde, Pulmonologist, Global Hospitals, Mumbai, tells us how you can protect your health during the winter and avoid respiratory problems that are common in the colder months:

Flu: The flu is a respiratory illness that tends to occur from a viral infection. It is highly contagious and also spreads through the respiratory drops. A person with the flu can transmit it through physical contact, even when shaking hands. Symptoms may be high fever, runny nose, headache, fatigue and chills.

Solution: You can get rid of flu symptoms by resting, opting for fluids and taking medication.

Common cold: It is a viral infection of the nose and throat (which is the upper respiratory tract). Many viruses can cause the common cold characterized by a variety of symptoms such as sore throat, runny nose, cough, congestion, sneezing and body aches.

Solution: Wash your hands properly while maintaining good hand hygiene to prevent the spread of germs, cover your mouth while you sneeze, take medication, eat well and exercise.

Pneumonia: It can be described as an infection that tends to inflame the alveoli in one or both lungs. With pneumonia, your air pockets may be filled with fluid or pus, which causes coughing up phlegm or pus, chills and breathing problems. In addition, a variety of organisms that include bacteria, viruses and fungi can cause pneumonia.

Solution: It can be treated with antibiotics and medications. Also, drink more fluids.

Whooping cough: Also known as pertussis, it is a highly contagious respiratory tract infection that tends to occur in winter. It can be alarming, since in many people it can be marked by a severe cough and followed by inhalation that sounds like “whoop”. Fever, runny nose and cough are the symptoms of this respiratory tract infection.

Solution: Take antibiotics, stay warm and drink plenty of fluids.

Bronchitis: An inflammation of the lining of the bronchi that tend to carry air to and from the lungs. In addition, people suffering from bronchitis cough thick mucus that is discolored. In addition, bronchitis can be acute or chronic, and the symptoms would be fatigue, chills, cough and chest discomfort.

Solution: Get vaccinated, opt for a mask, avoid smoking and drinking, maintain good hand hygiene and take medications given by your doctor.

Asthma: If you have asthma, your airways narrow and swell and produce extra mucus that can make breathing difficult and cause coughing and wheezing.

Solution: Keep your inhaler on hand, take medication, say no to smoking, get vaccinated against allergies, reduce your exposure to allergens and avoid triggers such as chemicals or fragrances that can cause asthma, and do breathing exercises.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): It can be defined as a type of obstructive pulmonary disease that is accompanied by long-term respiratory problems and poor air flow.

Solution: Take medications, avoid smoking and processed foods, eat nutritious foods and exercise.

Disclaimer: The advice and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purposes only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or professional health care provider if you have any specific questions about any medical matter.

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