In some countries, including Italy, more than half of teachers will retire in the next 15 years and only 6.4% of teachers are under the age of 35; only Greece and Portugal do worse with 4.6% and 3.4% respectively.
Among teachers under the age of 35, more than a third work on fixed-term contracts, and in Italy (78%), as in Spain, Austria and Portugal, they are even more than two thirds, with short and often no longer contracts one year (the latter is the case in Italy).
This is what emerges from the report of the Eurydice network that comes out today, Teachers in Europe: Careers, Development and Well-being, which focuses on lower secondary school teachers.
The study points out that the shortage of teachers has worsened in recent years and affects 35 education systems in Europe (eight of these, including Italy, suffer from both shortages and oversupply).
It is pointed out that the shortcomings are more acute in subjects such as STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) and foreign languages. Aging of teachers affects more than half of education systems.
In light of the Covid-19 pandemic, the advanced age of teachers adds a further element of vulnerability to education systems as a whole, both for their greater fragility and for the widespread difficulty among older teachers to manage teaching. at a distance through new technologies.
THE COMPLETE REPORT