The declaration adopted by the G20 on Tuesday evening in Italy, however, boils down to a series of observations and objectives without binding value.
Posted: 06/30/2021, 1:07 AM
The G20 foreign ministers adopted Tuesday in Matera, in the south of Italy, a declaration whose objective is to help eradicate the famine which continues to rise across the world.
“Today we adopted the Matera declaration on food security,” Italian Minister Luigi Di Maio, whose country chairs the G20, announced at a press conference after the meeting. “This is a concrete document, an invitation to act for the entire international community,” he explained, recalling that 850 million people are suffering from famine throughout the world.
This ten-point declaration, published in the evening, comes down to a series of observations and objectives without any binding value, recalling in particular that the objective established by the UN to eradicate hunger by 2030 seems out of reach. reached. “If current trends continue, the number of hungry people could reach 840 million by 2030,” the signatories warn.
They are therefore proposing a series of initiatives to try to curb this trend: giving more power to women and young people, promoting social protection programs, increasing investments in sustainable food or even accelerating the adaptation of food. agriculture in the face of climate change.
“We are committed to strengthening our collective efforts to implement this call for a global mobilization”, conclude the signatories, while the planet’s horizon has darkened further with the health and economic shock caused by the Covid pandemic -19, which causes cascading income losses, makes food more expensive and disrupts supply chains.
“Because of the pandemic, (famine) could strike a hundred million more people,” Luigi Di Maio warned on Tuesday. “Food security means helping families hit by the economic crisis caused by the pandemic both in our countries and in developing countries,” he said.
Invited to the work of the G20, the director-general of the FAO, the UN agency for food and agriculture, the Chinese Qu Dongyu, also called on the members of the G20 “to act together to eradicate the hunger and poverty ”. According to an FAO study, it would take between 39 and 50 billion dollars (between 36 and 46 billion francs) more per year to succeed in eradicating hunger in the world by 2030.