Behind the sweet facade of Taylor Swift could be the kind of woman who incites "Bad Blood" with other women – using veiled veiled references to violence through "bullet holes" and getting "stabbed in the back".
While the hip-hop genre usually takes over to promote violence and misogyny, a new study from the School of Journalism of the University of Missouri finds that lively pop music has the equally lyrical aggressiveness of its counterparts hip-hop.
The researchers argue, however, that the power of pop is a bit more insidious.
"Unlike rap or hip-hop, pop music tends to have a crisp and uplifting sound that aims to attract listeners," says Cynthia Frisby, an associate professor of MU who has worked on the study of this month in the Media Watch magazine. "But it can be problematic if the lyrics under the sound promote violence and misogynist behavior."
Frisby with associate professor Elizabeth Behm-Morawitz has analyzed more than 400 songs at the top of the Billboard charts in many genres, including rap, hip-hop, rock, pop, country, heavy metal and R & B, between 2006 and 2016. In the songs, they took note of violent texts, bad words, misogynist themes and statements of gender roles.
The researchers refer to some examples of problematic pop songs, including "Love the Way You Lie" by Eminem and Rihanna ("I'm just standing there watching me burn / But that's okay, because I like the way it hurts") ; "Wake Up Call" by Maroon 5 ("He came without a warning, so I had to shoot him dead / … And your lover is screaming out loud / I hear a sound and hit the ground"); and "Hollaback Girl" by Gwen Stefani ("I heard you were talking s-t / … So I'll fight, I'll give it all myself / I'll drop you, I'll put it to you").
While Swift's music is not specifically mentioned in the UM report on the studio, songs like "Look What You Made Me Do" ("I have a list of names and yours is in red, underlined / … You'll All Get Your ") and" Better Than Revenge "(" She's not a saint and she's not what you think – she's an actress, whoa / is best known for the things she does on the mattress, whoa ") demonstrates the its rightful place in this discussion.
The rap and the hip-hop led to the promotion of misogyny, the use of swear words and violence, and pop music was comparable in terms of violence. Country, meanwhile, ranked as the most peaceful of all popular musical genres.
About a third of all pop songs, the researchers found, somehow, objectified women.
Frisby suggests parents have deeper conversations with their children "about how songs could impact their identity", especially in terms of gender.
"Many songs could make girls feel like they should appear and behave provocatively to convince a boy to like them," he adds. "If children and adolescents understand that what they hear is not healthy behavior, then they might be more likely to challenge what they hear on the radio."