When the third wave was foreseen for Easter (April and May) and did not occur, there was a deep breath throughout the country that led to the relaxation of sanitary measures. And just, according to the authorities, that is the reason why the country is now facing the much-feared third wave.
Mexico City, July 19 (However) .- Mexico is in the third wave of COVID-19 infections. According to the available data, the entities that are suffering the most are those that throughout the pandemic have been in the first places of cases. They also include tourist areas that had adequately fought the pandemic, but they register a constant increase in the number of patients.
There are other data that stand out and make the difference in this increase compared to the two previous outbreaks —The registered in April and May 2020, and from December 2020 to January and February 2021—: it is young people who are the protagonists of the increase in infections. A point that contrasts with the two past increases is that the capacity of the hospitals is not exceeded, nor is there a substantial increase in deaths.
However reviewed the cases of 10 entities in the country and the data of their highest points of contagion throughout the pandemic to be able to glimpse the size of the challenge that is coming.
The authorities, both at the national and local levels, have urged the population to respect sanitary measures, especially for the unvaccinated population, which is the age range between 40 and 18 years, but also those already vaccinated so as not to be a source of contagion.
According to the Ministry of Health (SSa), during the first two weeks of July there were 75 thousand 870 people with signs and symptoms of COVID-19, who were infected in the last 14 days.
Hospital occupancy, meanwhile, increased only one percentage point at the end of the week of July 11 to 17, going from 27 to 28 percent in general beds and from 21 to 22 percent in intensive care beds, but in Overall, the occupancy reduction is 78 percent compared to the peak reached in January 2021.
The third wave, which the authorities were reluctant to declare, was recognized on July 13 by the SSa authorities.
Hugo López Gatell, Undersecretary of Prevention and Health Promotion, reported that Mexico is in its fourth week since the accelerated increase in cases began, mainly in tourist states such as Quintana Roo, Yucatán and Baja California Sur, to finally spread to almost everything the country.
THE THREE WAVES IN 10 STATES
The numbers of the third wave in Mexico City are about to equal those of the first. From April, May and June there are a total of 64 thousand 934 cases, and for June and so far in July, 59 thousand 075. Reaching the contagions of the second wave is still a long way off, since at that end of year 366 thousand 071 were registered.
The Head of Government Claudia Sheinbaum has already accelerated vaccination in the capital and will seek in the next two weeks to inoculate the population between 30 and 39 years of age with the first dose. More kiosks will also be opened to carry out free tests and thus detect the disease in time so that positive cases can be isolated and treated.
In this entity, the third wave is barely increasing: for June 1, the reported cases of COVID-19 were 147, while for July 14 the figure is already five times higher and equals the number of cases that were registered in the first weeks of April 2020.
For this reason, the authorities decided to reverse the Epidemiological Traffic Light, which went from green to yellow, to promote a reinforcement of preventive measures in the face of the increase in infections.
In this southeastern state of the country, a phenomenon similar to that of other regions occurs: infections are about to equal the figure reached in the first phase of the pandemic. By then, in Tabasco 15,708 were registered and currently it has already reached 13,095.
The second wave was fought in an adequate way and in the critical months it only accumulated 21,256 cases of infections.
Baja California Sur
Baja California Sur is 100 cases away from equaling the figures registered in the worst stage of the pandemic at the national and international level. At the end of the year, it accumulated 12 thousand 554 cases and in the last six weeks, those of June and July, there were 12 thousand 447.
State authorities described the situation as the worst health crisis since the start of the pandemic in March 2020
This state, a pillar of national tourism, broke a record in its data compared to the two previous waves: in the first it reached only 5,545 and at the end of the year, it had 6,168 infections.
It currently accumulates 10,627, an increase of 72 percent.
The third entity with the most COVID cases nationwide is advancing with ups and downs in its third wave, which keeps it with a low number of cases: between June and so far in July it accumulates 7,222 cases, a figure that is lower than the first wave, when it registered 12,217, which keeps the region still far from the numbers of the previous months.
At the national level, Sonora stands out for the increase in infections in this period, however it is not yet in worrying numbers. In the last six weeks, 7,457 positives were recorded, but with a lower number of serious cases and deaths, especially in the group of adults over 65, indicated Denica Cruz Loustaunau, director of Epidemiology at the state Health Secretariat.
Like Sonora, in Jalisco there is no alarm due to a disproportionate increase in cases, but it is noticeable that the number is increasing: for the first days of June, between 60 and up to 15 daily were registered. For this last week, the daily figure is around 356 and 452, a level that was registered in January of this year.
The same occurs in the case of Veracruz, which for June and July registers 8,453 cases. And although it is not among the first with the highest numbers in the third wave, the number of daily infections has reached over 400.
Data from the SSa show that there are daily records in the number of infections, since 313 infections have been registered on average per day; These data already show that there are 45 percent more cases than in the first critical period of the pandemic.