Central digitization-related content should be firmly anchored in teacher training and further education. After all, the professionalization of educational staff in terms of digitization is of “outstanding importance”, especially in view of the shortage of skilled workers. This is a requirement that Prof. Dr. Olaf Köller as co-chair of the Standing Scientific Commission of the Conference of Ministers of Education (SWK) from an expert report by his commission on digitization in the education system.
The recommendations of the SWK go even further and include the education system from day-care centers to universities. According to the report by the SWK (PDF), digital media education should already be included as an educational goal in the framework and orientation plans in the day-care center. There is evidence that the use of apps in the individual educational areas is conducive to learning. The SWK cites dialogic reading aloud or digital microscopes in the natural sciences as examples. In elementary school, computer science content, such as how robots work, should be part of general science lessons. For all of this, the early childhood education staff must be trained.
“Enormous exertion necessary”
For general schools, the SWK recommends setting up transnational centers for digital education (ZdB) and introducing computer science as a compulsory subject in all states. The Gesellschaft für Informatik has examined how the necessary teaching staff could also be recruited from career changers based on the possibilities in the individual federal states (PDF).
However, the SWK sees a need for action not only in general schools, but also at vocational schools and universities. In the vocational schools, the educational goals and curricula would have to be modernized and the examination system modernized. The SWK believes that the digital skills of students and lecturers should be strengthened at universities.
In her opinion, enormous efforts are needed to further develop the education system in the digital world. Education policy should agree on a long-term, joint development plan at all levels and set milestones.
“More investments needed”
For teacher training, for example, this would mean that the federal states agree on a common reference framework for teacher training on general and subject-specific digitization-related skills. Social theory, media ethics and educational aspects as well as cross-cutting issues should also be taken into account.
The recommendations range from such general goals to more concrete proposals. For example, the SWK recommends such space utilization concepts for universities that allow teaching and learning structures to be mapped in the space and media structure and transitions between digital and physical space to be designed seamlessly.
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As elsewhere, a lot depends on money. Or, as the SWK puts it: In addition to the enormous effort of all players in the education system, there must be high investments “to make the education system successful and future-proof for the permanent requirements of a digitized world. In the future, this will also have to be reflected in the basic financing of the education system “.