Through Damien Grivois
Published on 30 Sep 21 at 8:51
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The development of nursery care for children under 3 years old is considered by the country as an essential aspect of the priority given to the first level by the education charter of 2011. The country’s law of July 2017 relating to this educational charter clarifies its outlines.
Christelle Lehartel, Minister of Education, chaired, Monday in Papeete, the first meeting of the observatory for the education of children under 3 years old, in the presence of the vice-rector, Philippe Lacombe.
“A proven effective way to promote student success in particular when for social, cultural, linguistic and / or geographic reasons, families are far from the school culture” insists the ministry which specifies that this early education is developed in schools located in a disadvantaged social environment.
This system has specific needs and requires an organization of activities, suitable equipment and a living space “which are clearly different from other kindergarten classes”. A schooling action plan has been drawn up and sent to nursery and primary schools which welcome “toddlers”.
Early schooling in the toddler section (STP) and its organization “facilitates the gradual separation of the child from his family environment” to improve the conditions for entering school. Schooling in STP offers the child personalized support towards the first learning while respecting his needs and his development.
The “bridging devices” offered in certain municipalities facilitate the transition between home and this first schooling. “They also allow, in connection with the nursery school, the setting up of workshops to develop parenting and coeducation”, underlines the general direction of education and teaching (DGEE).
The observatory, a space for exchange and consultation, wants to measure the expected effects, collect, compare and collate statistical and sociological data, identify the sectors conducive to the opening of this system and make resources available to teachers. educational. The natural partners of this observatory are the representatives of the parents of the pupils, the elected officials, the Fare tama hau, the consultation center specializing in maternal and child protection, as well as the social services.
“To ensure an efficient distribution of resources in response to identified needs, consultation with partners and local authorities must be initiated”, further indicates the ministry.
Among the perspectives mentioned, the evolution of the status of “taties STP” towards a status of specialized territorial agent for nursery schools (Atsem), an “Atsem” for each class with specific job description, maintenance of training for directors. and school teachers, recruiting and prospecting with families with partners or taking into account the numbers of sections for toddlers.
Compulsory education from 3 years old at the start of the 2022-2023 school year
The country’s bill, examined yesterday in the Council of Ministers, makes changes to the Education Charter. It was approved by the high education committee and then by the economic, social, environmental and cultural council (Cesec). In France, the law lowered in 2019, the age of compulsory education to 3 years instead of 6 years.
Depending on the country, nearly 90% of children who have reached the age of 3 are already enrolled in public schools. The text therefore provides for lowering the age of compulsory education to 3 years instead of 5 years. Education is mainly provided in schools, but also in families who must address a declaration to the Minister of Education. A town hall survey is carried out to ensure that the instruction is compatible with the child’s state of health and the living conditions of the family. The Law of the Country specifies that the education in the family must be justified by the requirement of medical care, a situation of handicap, sports or artistic activities, itinerant parents, geographical distance or this perhaps a simple choice of the family.
The provisions of the country’s law will come into force at the start of the 2022-2023 school year.
“The quality of educational care for children under 3 years of age is largely dependent on the collaborations that are established between parents, local authorities and the country’s services in charge of early childhood” recognizes the observatory. The municipalities remain the first interlocutor of the schools.
The presence of an “auntie” in each STP class is a priority for the observatory, for which the professionalization of this staff should be considered. The classes benefiting from a “bridging” mechanism make it possible to engage the children in a mixed environment reception, associating the Country, the early childhood services, the parents and the school.
In addition, “it is important to cross the eyes with the services of early childhood which have very early links and information concerning the families”. This partnership work makes it possible to inform parents of existing structures that could be beneficial to children.
Moana Greig, kindergarten referent at the General Directorate of Education and Teaching (DGEE): “Improving communication with families”
Why was this observatory set up?
It was necessary to have precise data on the size of the schooling of children under three years old. The objective is precisely to issue recommendations, recommendations according to the rate of supervision of these children. They have specific needs, they have to be identified. Regarding reception structures, we are talking more to the municipalities about their improvement.
Has it proven its usefulness?
Yes. The observatory, in its design, was designed in 2016. I took up the file in 2019 and took into consideration the previous recommendations. For example, there is an improvement in communication with families, with a fairly high school attendance rate. This early schooling is aimed more at families far removed from the school culture. We are trying to reduce inequalities.
How does the epidemic context further complicate the education of children?
There was a legitimate apprehension on the part of the families. So we had a loss of staff in those classes. Currently, there is rather a rise for this school year. To alleviate concerns, there is a lot of communication work. It is about making children safe when they come back to school.
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