According to psychologist Vanda Sultan, depression occurs mainly among women and young people, affecting the way they eat, sleep, feel and think. It can be triggered by various social factors (financial problems, new responsibilities at work, trauma, loneliness), biological (chronic diseases) or negative events (divorce, death, bankruptcy, etc.). “In adolescents, depression is common because of their heightened sensitivity, the emotional lability given by that stage of life. Unsustainable and misunderstood by adults, they can fall into the extreme of alcohol, cigarette and even drug abuse “, says Vanda Sultan.
Symptoms. Depression manifests itself differently from one person to another, the symptoms vary in intensity. Talk about:
- Feelings of sadness, uselessness, guilt, low self-esteem
- Fatigue, difficulty concentrating, exhaustion
- Isolation tendency
- Lack of interest in activities that previously pleased him
- Changing the appetite, even for sex
- Sleep problems (insomnia).
8 basic rules to get out of depression and prevent it in the future
- Focus on the good things in your life. “We rarely think about what we have, but always about what we lack,” confesses the psychologist.
- At the same time, be aware of your negative emotions. Face them and don’t shy away from them.
- Do sport! go for a run, swim, ride a bike with your friends. Outdoor sports oxygenate the brain and increase the production of serotonin, the hormone of happiness.
- Learn to live in the present. Leave the past, “lock it” in a box and stop thinking about it unless it gives you peace. He cannot be changed, what was, was. All you can do now is make peace with him. It doesn’t make sense to grind for the future either. You can’t control it, and the effort you put into it is in vain. Stop worrying about things you can’t change or control.
- Focus on the things you enjoy: maybe gardening, nature walks, or shopping, if that relaxes you, read a good book, go to a movie.
- Also, organize short vacations to disconnect from daily worries, from everything you consider to be toxic to you.
- It is not a situation in itself that is unfortunate, but our way of relating to it. There is no stress. There are only stressful thoughts. Write on a piece of paper everything that displeases you. Stressful thoughts written on paper are like taking them out of your head.
- Get a pet you really like. It will give you work, keep your mind occupied and make you smile.
- Go to the doctor and get treatment. Psychologist Vanda Sultan urges you not to beware of medication. If it is followed on the recommendation of a doctor who monitors you, it is not addictive. “In most forms of depression, a combined treatment with medication and psychotherapy is indicated.”
One Romanian in 5 knows well what depression is, either from their own experience or through someone close to them. Very few of them go to the doctor.