Original title: A variety of animal species unearthed at the Xiguanxiang site in the upper capital of the Yuan Dynasty (theme)
Contributing empirical evidence to the archaeology of the Yuan Dynasty in China (subtitle)
Guangming Daily, Hohhot, September 21. Reporters Gao Ping and Wang Xiao learned from the Inner Mongolia Cultural Relics Society that the archaeological department conducted archaeological research on the animal species unearthed at the West Guanxiang site in Shangdu, and finally believed that the rare animal species on the site was , which not only contributed empirical evidence to the archaeology of the Yuan Dynasty in China, but also provided physical data for the discussion of the social and economic conditions of the Yuan Dynasty.
Yuanshangdu is located on the Jinlianchuan grassland of Zhenglan Banner, Xilin Gol League, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. It is the earliest established, oldest, unique and best-preserved site in the series of capitals in the Yuan Dynasty in China. On June 29, 2012, at the 36th World Heritage Conference held in St. Petersburg, Russia, the site of Yuanshangdu was included in the World Heritage List.
Wang Dafang, vice president of the Inner Mongolia Cultural Relics Society, who has been paying close attention to Yuanshang for many years, told reporters that recently, the Institute of Archaeology of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, together with the Inner Mongolia Museum and other cultural relics departments, conducted a study on the animal species accumulated over the years at the Xiguanxiang site in Yuanshangdu. The results of zooarchaeological research show that the species of animals unearthed at the site provide archaeological evidence for the study of animal husbandry in the pastoral areas of the Yuan Dynasty.
According to the archaeological department, the species of animals unearthed at the site include red snails, silver carp, birds, dogs, horses, donkeys, pigs, camels, deer, cattle, sheep, goats, antelopes, rabbits, pikas, zokor, etc. There are 16 species, which constitute a list of animal resources acquired and utilized by ancient ancestors in the Xiguanxiang area. Among them, domestic animals include 8 species of sheep, goats, cattle, horses, donkeys, dogs, pigs, and camels.
Wang Dafang told reporters that the animal husbandry in the Xiguanxiang area of the upper capital of the Yuan Dynasty is mainly nomadic, and the proportion of settled breeding and hunting is very low. The ancient ancestors of Xiguanxiang carried out a variety of development and utilization of animal resources, mainly meat, but also included secondary product development, nomadic assistants, sources of aggregates, transportation, and sacrificial animals.
Combined with the results of the botanical archaeological research at the site, the archaeological department believes that the ancient ancestors in the Xiguanxiang area adopted a combination of farming and animal husbandry, and the animal husbandry economy is even more important than crop planting, showing a more It is a typical animal husbandry method in pastoral areas, which confirms the historical documents and provides material materials for in-depth discussion of the social and economic conditions of the Yuan Dynasty.