January 14, 2022 13:56
In the previous article, I wrote about the ecology and breeding environment of chinchillas, but this time I would like to tell you about breeding. By the way, do you know the origin of this slightly unusual name “Chinchilla”? To find out, we go back about 500 years ago.
In the Andes Mountains of South America, where wild chinchillas live, indigenous peoples called “chinchas” once lived. It is said that the chincha people used the meat for food and the fur for clothes when they caught the chinchilla. And this animal, which was discovered when the Spaniards colonized the area in the 1500s, is said to have come to be called “Chinchilla” after the Chincha tribe.
Well, the chinchilla last time talked about being a fellow mouse. However, when asked if the diet should be with mice, that is not the case. When preparing a breeding environment that includes the diet of an animal, it is very important to find out what kind of environment the animal was in and what kind of diet it was in the wild. Chinchillas have lived in the high-altitude rocks of the Andes. It is an environment where the cold is severe and food for food is scarce. It is a nocturnal animal that rests in burrows during the day and is active at night. Wild chinchillas live on a limited amount of botanical food, such as the leaves, stems, roots and bark of plants. In addition, since it lives in places where there is almost no water, it is thought that water is taken from thaw water, frost, and dew.
When breeding as a pet, the staple food is a special pasture, and as a side dish, a pellet food (artificial feed) for chinchillas and a small amount of vegetables and fruits are given. As mentioned earlier, wild chinchillas lived in areas where food was scarce, so they are said to be very “fuel-efficient creatures” that can live with low energy consumption. Even in captivity, overfeeding can lead to obesity, and a body covered with dense hair can lead to misjudgment of whether the owner is obese.
In order for the herbivore chinchilla to live healthy, it is necessary to feed the grass that is low in calories, low in protein, and rich in dietary fiber. Although vegetables and fruits are not harmful to humans, some foods such as onions and garlic are harmful not only to chinchillas but also to animals. When giving vegetables and fruits, be sure to check whether you can give them before giving them.
(Chief of Educational Affairs Division, Sendai Comprehensive Pet College)