[건강한 가족] Even less than one drink a day increases the risk of cancer death

hospital report Kangbuk Samsung Hospital Professor Sung-Joo Seong and Hyun-Young Koh team

When alcohol intake is less than 0.1~10g per day
Cancer death risk, lifetime non-drinkers 1.67 times
Those with past habitual drinking experience were 2.75 times

Even light alcohol consumption increases the risk of dying from cancer, a study has found.

Sungkyunkwan University Kangbuk Samsung Hospital Family Medicine Department Professor Eun-ju Seong and Hyun-young Ko, and a team led by Professor Seung-ho Ryu and Yu-soo Jang of the Cohort Research Center followed and analyzed the results of about 330,000 people who received health checkups between 2011 and 2015 until 2017. It has also been analyzed to increase the risk of death from cancer.

In order to find a clearer causal relationship between alcohol consumption and cancer mortality, the research team studied ▶ lifelong non-drinkers ▶ past drinkers (those who drank in the past but not now) ▶ drinkers of 0.1 g or more and less than 10 g of alcohol per day ▶ 10 g or more and less than 20 g per day. A large-scale cohort study was conducted on alcohol consumption and cancer mortality risk based on lifetime non-drinkers, classified as drinkers ▶ drinkers 20 g or more and less than 40 g per day ▶ drinkers 40 g or more per day According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 10g of alcohol is equivalent to one standard glass.

“It may be due to various carcinogens in alcohol, etc.”

As a result, the risk of cancer death for each of these cancers was 2.75 times for those who drank in the past, 1.67 times for those who drank 0.1 to 10 g per day, 2.41 times for those who drank 10 to 20 g per day, 2.66 times for those who drank from 20 to 40 per day, and 40 g or more per day on the basis of lifetime non-drinkers. Drinkers were found to be 2.88 times higher.

The mortality rate was particularly high in those who had previously consumed alcohol. The research team analyzed, “Many past studies have failed to distinguish lifelong non-drinkers from past drinkers, suggesting the possibility that a protective effect was observed in low-dose drinking.” The researchers found that even small amounts of alcohol were associated with an increased risk of cancer death compared to lifelong non-drinkers. Professor Seong-ju Seong, who conducted the study, said, “Even light drinking, various carcinogens contained in alcohol may increase the risk of death from cancer.” “Especially for Koreans, alcohol-decomposing enzymes, that is, acetaldehyde-degrading enzymes It is necessary to consider the high percentage of people who do not have Korean cancer center guidelines also recommend avoiding even a small amount of alcohol, one or two drinks a day.

However, as for the reason why past drinkers have a higher risk than small drinkers, the research team pointed out the possibility that the accumulated alcohol consumption is higher than that of small drinkers because past drinkers had already drank a large amount before they stopped drinking. It should not be concluded that drinking is better for Professor Koh Hyun-young emphasized, “As it has been shown that even a small amount of drinking is never safe, even light drinking should be avoided for health.”

Meanwhile, this study was published in the latest issue of the international scientific journal ‘Scientific Reports’.

Reporter Ryu Jang-hoon [email protected]


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